About targeting your ads by audience interests
How audience targeting works
Adding audiences helps you reach people based on their specific interests as they browse pages, apps, channels, videos, and content across the Google Display Network and YouTube. You can select from a wide range of categories -- such as fans of sport and travel, people shopping for cars, or specific people that have visited your website. AdWords will show ads to people who are likely in the selected categories.
Affinity audiences were built for businesses currently running TV ad and want to expand the reach of that campaign with an online presence for an efficient price.
Select from these audiences to reach potential customers at scale and make them aware of your business.
Custom affinity audiences
With custom affinity audiences, advertisers can create audiences that are more tailored to their brands, compared to our broad, TV-like affinity audiences. For example, rather than reaching Sports Fans, a running shoe company may want to reach Avid Marathon Runners instead. With custom affinity audiences, the shoe company can define this audience by:
- using free form interests entered as keywords
- and/or using URLs as a proxy for interest bundles.
Entering URLs establishes a theme that embodies the ideal customer. For example, we could determine that marathonrookie.com is about marathon running, training schedules, marathon nutrition, and other marathon topics, and therefore, reach people who tend to browse content about those themes whether or not they visit the specific marathonrookie.com site.
The following life events can help you reach potential customers when their purchase behavior shifts and brand preferences change:
- About to graduate college
- Recently graduated college
- About to move
- Recently moved
- About to get married
- Recently got married
Like other important milestones, life events are infrequent, and as a result may reach smaller audiences compared to affinities. However, since life events may correspond with many related purchasing decisions, they’re often larger than in-market categories which correspond with a single purchasing decision. For example, someone who’s about to move will likely buy new furniture, moving services, mortgages, and other moving related items during the months of their move.
Select from these audiences to find customers who are in the market, which means that they're researching products and are actively considering buying a service or product like yours.
These audiences are designed for advertisers focused on getting conversions from likely buyers. In-market audiences can help drive remarketing performance and reach consumers close to completing a purchase.
Custom intent audiences help you define and reach the ideal audience for your business. Built with performance advertisers in mind, custom intent audiences allow you to go beyond pre-defined audience categories and reach people as they’re making a purchase decision.
For Display campaigns, you can create a custom intent audience using in-market keywords — simply entering keywords and URLs related to products and services your ideal audience is researching across sites and apps.
In-market keywords (Display campaigns)
- Enter keywords, URLs, apps, or YouTube content to reach an online audience that’s actively researching a related product or service.
- It’s a best practice to add keywords and URLs (ideally 15 total) that fit a common theme to help AdWords understand your ideal audience.
- Avoid entering URLs that require people to sign in, such as social media or email services.
- Include keywords related to the products and services this audience is researching; these will be used as the focal point for building the custom intent audience.
To make finding the right people easy, Google uses machine learning technology to analyze your existing campaigns and auto-create custom intent audiences. These audiences are based on the most common keywords and URLs found in content that people browse while researching a given product or service.
For example, insights from existing campaigns may show that people who’ve visited a sporting goods website have also actively researched rainy day workout shoes. AdWords may then auto-create a new “waterproof trail running shoes” custom intent audience to simplify the process of reaching this niche segment of customers.
For now, these auto-created audiences are available in English only.