Answering Your Top Questions About Performance Max

The AI Essentials help you get the most out of your AI-powered marketing campaigns. One essential is using Performance Max to multiply your results and conversions across all of Google’s advertising channels and inventory. Since Performance Max’s launch, we’ve heard your questions about it from various webinars, feedback you’ve shared with your account teams, advertiser roundtables, and more. Here are some answers. Check back as we will continue adding responses to new FAQs.
 

Question: Performance Max campaigns can feel like a black box. Why doesn't it offer channel-level reporting?

Question: I’m looking for lead quality and not just volume. How can I make sure I’m getting high-quality leads from Performance Max?

Question: I don’t want Performance Max to serve on my branded queries. What can I do to stop this?

Question: Can I use assets created using generative AI outside of my Performance Max campaign and Google Ads?

Question: I don’t have a big creative budget. Why do I need to include a video in my Performance Max campaigns?

Question: I need to win new customers to grow my business. Is Performance Max just remarketing to existing customers?

Question: My business has strict brand guidelines. Is Performance Max brand-safe?

Question: I already have an existing Performance Max campaign. Is it worth it to upgrade my Dynamic Search Ads (DSA) or Display campaigns?

Question: I’m already targeting store locations in my Performance Max campaign for store goals. Should I also apply geo targets?

Question: What's the ideal campaign structure for Performance Max campaigns?
 

Question: Performance Max campaigns can feel like a black box. Why doesn't it offer channel-level reporting?
 

Summary: With consumer journeys being as complex and non-linear as they are today, the “best” channel in one auction isn’t the best option in another auction. That’s why it’s misleading to look at the average CPA or ROAS of a single channel in a cross-channel campaign. Performance Max looks across channels to bid on the inventory that’s predicted to deliver the most cost-efficient, high-ROI conversion. This is called marginal ROI optimization and it happens in each and every auction. To understand what’s driving your results in Performance Max, check out asset group reporting, search terms insights, audience insights, and more.


For advertisers who are well-versed in mining raw data to analyze and understand campaign performance, we know Performance Max is a change from what you’re used to. Performance Max optimizes your results across all of Google’s advertising channels rather than in single-channel silos. It intentionally doesn’t show channel-specific KPIs because looking at aggregate ROAS or CPA for a single channel within Performance Max can actually be misleading and doesn’t accurately represent the value of a given channel. 

One channel may seem better than another with stronger ROI on average. However, this doesn’t account for the marginal cost of the next conversion on that channel. The “best” channel in one auction isn’t the best option in another auction. Performance Max makes a real-time decision about where to place your ad based on which inventory it predicts will deliver the most cost-efficient, high-ROI conversion at that moment.  

Because of this, Performance Max provides higher-level campaign and asset group reporting. These reports center on whether you’re achieving your conversion goals over time at your ROAS or CPA target. It also focuses on surfacing AI-powered insights and explanations to help you identify performance trends and opportunities more quickly. 

To understand what’s driving your results, check out these other reports and insights that are available. And stay tuned as we continue adding new ways to increase transparency into how Performance Max is working for your business. 

  • Asset group reporting: See conversions, conversion value, cost, and other metrics broken down at the asset group level. 
  • Asset performance labels: Check performance for your text, image, logo, and video assets, including their status to see if they’re eligible to serve. Use the Combinations tab to view the top-performing asset combinations for each asset group. 
  • Explanations: Understand the reasons behind performance fluctuations and recommended actions to fix issues and improve results. 
  • Bid strategy reporting: Identify the top signals that are influencing performance like device type, location, day of week, time of day, search queries, and Customer Match lists.
  • Search terms insights: See what search queries your customers are using, organized into categories. 
  • Audience insights: Dive into the top interests and behaviors of customers who convert. Use the 'Optimized' label to learn the new audience segments Google AI helped discover that you may not have known about previously.
  • Other insights: Get a wide variety of other insight types on the Insights page like demand forecasts, diagnostic insights, and performance shift insights.
  • Landing pages: See a performance breakdown for the pages on your website that you’re sending traffic to from your ads. This is especially helpful if you’re using the final URL expansion feature in Performance Max.
  • Placement reporting: Get impression-level data for the owned and operated and Display Network placements that your Performance Max campaigns served on. Starting in March, Search Partner sites will also be included in this reporting.

Question: I’m looking for lead quality and not just volume. How can I make sure I’m getting high-quality leads from Performance Max?
 

Summary: 
  • Improve your conversion measurement: Use enhanced conversions for leads to tie online interactions to offline sales, giving Google AI insights about which leads result in revenue for your business. Also, pick conversion goals relevant to lead generation, such as "qualified lead," "converted lead," "book appointment," or "request quote" to access built-in protections against invalid traffic.
  • Use value-based bidding: Use “Maximize conversion value” bidding to optimize for higher-quality leads and achieve greater value from your budget. 
  • Activate your first-party data: Share your existing audiences through Customer Match to help Performance Max find similar high-value audiences.
  • Prevent invalid traffic and leads: Combat bots with tools like ReCaptcha or double opt-in processes.

Attracting high-quality leads is crucial for lead gen advertisers’ success. These best practices have been proven to drive big lead quality gains:
 
  1. Improve your conversion measurement: AI is only as good as the data you put into it. That’s why better conversion measurement is the fastest way to fuel Google AI to deliver higher quality leads for your campaigns. There are two main ways to achieve this:
    • Use enhanced conversions for leads: Enhanced conversions for leads bridges the gap between offline transactions and their online origins, which helps Google AI better identify high-quality leads likely to convert. It’s a more durable way to measure performance and prevent data gaps because it relies on consented, first-party customer data rather than third-party, cookie-based tracking, and connects hashed lead information from your CRM back to Google Ads.

      Case Study

      Eng Breaking logo

      Eng Breaking, an English-language learning program in South East Asia, saw a 4.3x increase in conversion rate and 27% reduction in cost-per-lead within the first month of using enhanced conversions with their Performance Max campaigns.

      “Enhanced Conversions for Leads has helped us a lot in improving lead quality - a problem that we spent years trying to solve. Now we can confidently deploy campaigns to other markets with a variety of campaign types.”
      — Trang Tran, COO, Eng Breaking

      Enhanced conversions for leads is easy to set up - you can configure it straight from your Google Ads account. For a detailed guide on how to get started, take a look at this handy article

    • Define clear conversion categories: By defining conversion categories, you can tailor your campaigns to optimize towards specific lead generation goals, such as "qualified lead," "converted lead," "book appointment," or "request quote." When you pick these campaign goals, you'll automatically trigger invalid traffic protections built specifically for lead generation campaigns, helping to safeguard campaign quality.
       

  2. Use Value-Based Bidding: Use "Maximize conversion value" bidding to attract higher-quality leads and achieve greater value from your budget. This value-based bidding strategy prioritizes leads with the strongest potential for high-value sales by factoring in data you share about what different leads and conversions are worth to you. On average, advertisers that switch their bid strategy from having a target CPA to a target ROAS can see 14% more conversion value at a similar return on ad spend.1 It’s key to remember that the more conversion data that you have, the faster Google AI is able to deliver the results you’re looking for. So, strike a balance: you should prioritize conversion actions close to the final sale to signal quality leads, but ensure enough volume for optimization. Start by mapping your lead to sale journey, including micro-conversions at first, and then gradually optimize towards higher-value actions as your data grows.
     
  3. Share audience signals, especially your first-party data: Help Google AI understand your ideal new customer profile by sharing existing customer data through Customer Match lists. This fuels Performance Max to reach other potential, high-value customers with similar characteristics. You can also steer your campaigns by better expressing the value of conversions based on geographic location, device and audiences using conversion value rules
     
  4. Prevent invalid traffic and invalid leads: There are a number of additional steps you can take to reduce invalid traffic and leads.
    • Verify leads: Combat automated bots and ensure authentic leads by adding frictionless verification steps like ReCaptcha to your lead forms. 
    • Use a double-opt in approach: When customers provide their contact information (such as email addresses), ensure they confirm these are valid, for example by sending a confirmation link via email, before adding them to your CRM or mailing lists to check that you’re engaging with high-intent customers. 
    • Add server-side validation to validate web forms: Server-side validation is a website security feature that your web developer can set up to double-check all visitor information on the server. It’s an additional safeguard, ensuring accuracy and preventing issues if someone tries to submit invalid or harmful data.

Question: I don’t want Performance Max to serve on my branded queries. What can I do to stop this?
 

Summary: If you don’t want Performance Max to serve on your branded queries on Search, you can implement: 
  • Account-level negative keywords, which will also prevent those queries from serving on any of your other campaigns. 
  • Campaign-level brand exclusions. You can also use these solutions for branded queries beyond your own, such as competitors’ brands or sub-brands of your business. 


Performance Max campaigns serve across all of Google’s advertising channels, including Search. If you don’t want Performance Max to serve on your branded queries on Search, you can implement either account-level negative keywords–which will also prevent those queries from serving on any of your other campaigns–or campaign-level brand exclusions. You can also use these solutions for branded queries beyond your own, such as competitors’ brands or sub-brands of your business.  

Account-level negative keywords:

Campaign-level brand exclusions:

Exclude specific queries across your whole account for brand suitability or other reasons. 

 

Negative keywords do not match to close variants.

Exclude brand terms by creating a brand list (with one or many brands, which can include your own) to exclude selected brand traffic at the campaign level. This lets your Performance Max campaign avoid serving for branded queries you indicate on Search and Shopping inventory. 

Unlike negative keywords, these exclusions will help block traffic with clear misspellings or writing in foreign scripts of the brands you exclude. Also, traffic that mentions the words in a brand name will only be blocked if they clearly refer to the brand.  

Campaign-level brand exclusions are a better option for blocking brand traffic than account-level negative keywords due to their ability to block misspellings and foreign scripts of the brands you want to exclude, including your own. Keep in mind that you should watch out for how exclusions impact your reach and performance to make sure you’re not missing out on valuable conversion opportunities.

If any brands or business names are missing from the list, you’ll see an option in Google Ads to request additions.

Question: Can I use assets created using generative AI outside of my Performance Max campaign and Google Ads?

Yes! Images that you generate in Performance Max will be unique to you as Performance Max never generates the same asset twice. Subject to our policies and terms, you can use assets generated by Performance Max in places outside of your Google Ads account if you like them, including on your website. All images created with generative AI in Google Ads, including Performance Max, will be identified as such. We’re using SynthID to invisibly watermark these images and they will include open standard metadata to indicate the image was generated by AI.

Question: I don’t have a big creative budget. Why do I need to include a video in my Performance Max campaigns? 
 

Summary: Video drives results: Advertisers with at least one video in their Performance Max campaigns saw an average 12% uplift in conversions.2 There are 3 ways to include video in your campaign:
  • Upload your own: Google AI can automatically trim, flip and resize these to help you scale them to more video inventory and formats. 
  • Video creation tool: Create videos directly in the campaign flow with easy-to-use templates, editing options (text, music, voiceovers), and previews.
  • Auto-generate: If you don’t provide any video assets, Google AI will transform your existing images, text, and product listings from your Google Merchant Center feed into videos.


Today’s average consumer switches between different search, shopping, and video platforms, and browses multiple websites and apps during their purchase journeys. To capture their attention and drive results, video ads are no longer optional—they're table stakes. Advertisers that included at least one video in their Performance Max campaigns saw an average 12% uplift in conversions.2

There are two ways to add video to your Performance Max campaign:

1. Upload your own video: you can upload existing video assets you have, or use the video creation tool. To make it easier to provide high-quality video ads, video creation tools are integrated directly into Performance Max campaign setup and editing workflows. You can select from various templates, customize your content with text, music, animated images, and voiceovers, and then preview your video before applying it to your campaign. For a detailed demo on how to use the video creation tool, watch this video.

If you’re uploading your own video assets to your campaign, here are two key tips for success:

  • Use diverse aspect ratios: Include vertical, horizontal and square assets. This gives Google AI more options to match the right video ad to the right audience and context. Advertisers that included at least one video of each orientation (horizontal, vertical, and square) to their Performance Max campaigns delivered 20% more conversions in YouTube compared to horizontal videos alone.3 
  • Follow best practices for action-driving video: Learn your ABCDs—Attention, Branding, Connection, and Direction—to craft compelling video ads that motivate viewers to take action.

2. Automatically generated video: Short on time or creative resources? No problem. If you don’t upload your own video assets, Performance Max uses video generation technology powered by Google AI to create and serve videos in multiple orientations using your other assets such as images, text, or Google Merchant Center product listings. These videos are created at the asset group level, meaning that the ingredients used will be selected from the given asset group. You can help direct the content of these videos by adding relevant assets and grouping your asset groups into meaningful themes for different product categories.

Auto-generated video ensures your brand can show up when it matters. Google AI automatically selects the right mix of template, colors, fonts, and music to resonate with your audience and boost campaign performance. Like a video production team, on call. 

Question: I need to win new customers to grow my business. Is Performance Max just remarketing to existing customers?  
 

Summary: Performance Max campaigns can help you maximize total sales and revenue from both new and existing customers. To prioritize new customers, use the new customer acquisition goal and choose the new customer value mode to bid towards your highest-value prospects. You can also add brand exclusions to prevent ads from appearing when users search for your brand. 


Performance Max campaigns can help you maximize total sales and revenue from both new and existing customers. Engaging existing customers can be highly profitable as they already know and trust your brand, often leading to repeat conversions at a lower cost or higher average-order-value.  

If your primary focus is new customer acquisition, focus on the new customer acquisition goal and brand exclusions.  

New customer acquisition goal: Using data from Customer Match lists and the Google Tag, Google AI effectively identifies new prospects and prioritizes bidding towards them.

Case study

HAIRSTORY Logo

Hairstory, a growing hair care brand in the U.S., used the new customer acquisition goal to drive a 545% increase in new customer conversions and achieved a 31% uplift in ROAS. 

“Once someone tries our products, we have a very strong retention rate. Our main challenge is driving that initial customer acquisition. With this objective, we focused on NCA for Search and Performance Max. We’re seeing great results so far.”
— Karthik Paramasivam, Head of Marketing, Hairstory

The new customer acquisition goal offers 2 bidding modes:

  • New Customer Value mode (recommended): We recommend New Customer Value mode for all advertisers with online sales goals. It prioritizes bidding towards new customers, while maintaining your engagement with potential repeat customers. Advertisers using this mode have seen strong results, including a 9% ROAS increase, 5% higher new customer ratio, and 7% reduced new customer acquisition cost.4 
    • [Beta] New Customer Acquisition with High-Value Optimization: Use this mode if you have campaigns with purchase goals and can upload high-value customer segments via Customer Match. This advanced strategy lets you set different bidding priorities for high-value new prospects, regular new customers and existing ones. 
  • New Customer Only mode: Use this strategy if you have strict budgets for new customer acquisition, or have non-purchase goals like lead generation. This mode focuses exclusively on acquiring new customers, so we recommend setting up a separate Performance Max campaign to address potential repeat customers. 

So, how do you get started? If you’ve already got Customer Match and the Google Tag in place, using the goal is straightforward: select "Customer Acquisition" in your campaign objectives and goals, identify your pre-existing customer lists, and provide an estimated average revenue from new customers. 

If Customer Match isn't configured yet, make setting it up a priority. When third-party cookies are phased out, previous auto-detection methods (which are cookie-based) will become ineffective. Your first-party data is the most durable foundation for your campaigns with new customer acquisition goals. Customer Match isn’t just a future-proofing measure, it can have an immediate positive impact on your campaigns. In fact, advertisers who apply Customer Match list signals see an average of 5.3% conversion uplift.5

For a detailed walkthrough on how to set up new customer acquisition in Performance Max, and to learn different ways to calculate the value of a new customer, watch this video

Brand exclusions: You can prevent your Performance Max campaign from serving on specific brand terms (your own, competitor, or partner brands) in Search & Shopping inventory to gain a clearer view of your campaign’s true prospecting potential. Monitor your campaign's reach and performance after implementing exclusions to make sure you're not missing out on valuable opportunities.

Question: My business has strict brand guidelines. Is Performance Max brand-safe? 
 

Summary: Use brand suitability controls to make sure your ads in Performance Max are in line with your brand safety requirements. These tools include:

  • Content suitability settings which let you exclude unsuitable content.
  • Placement exclusions prevent ads from showing on specific Display or YouTube content. Starting in March, you’ll also be able to include Search Partner sites in your account-level placement exclusions.
  • Account-level negative keywords let you set negative keywords and exclude specific queries across your entire account. 


There are several brand suitability controls you can use to make sure ads from your Performance Max campaigns are in line with your brand safety requirements. 

These various tools help you exclude types of content that, while in compliance with Google Ads policies, may not fit your brand or business. 

  • Content suitability settings which let you exclude or filter unsuitable content. At the account level, you can utilize content and placement exclusions
    • For example, if you want to prevent ads from serving on certain types of content in your Performance Max campaign, such as tragedy and conflict or sensitive social issues, you can use excluded sensitive content categories in the content suitability center. 
    • Placement exclusions stop your ads from showing on specific YouTube and Display content. Performance Max respects all your account and MCC-level placement exclusions. Starting in March, you’ll also be able to include Search Partner sites in your account-level placement exclusions.
  • Account-level negative keywords let you set negative keywords at an account-level and exclude specific queries across your whole account for brand suitability. 

Case Study

Versace logo

“As a luxury brand, we thought Performance Max wasn’t for us. However, we’ve been able to properly test it, control our brand image, reach additional customers, and, in the end, increase the overall business performance.”
— Antonio Giordano, Senior Director, Performance Marketing, Versace

Question: I already have an existing Performance Max campaign. Is it worth it to upgrade my Dynamic Search Ads (DSA) or Display campaigns?
 

Summary: Upgrading your DSA and Display campaigns to Performance Max can help you get conversion uplift, even when you’re already running other Performance Max campaigns. Upgrading them and keeping them separate from your other Performance Max campaigns can be helpful since it’s easier to look at “before” and “after” results and the settings will be equivalent for a more accurate comparison. 


Upgrading your Dynamic Search Ads (DSA) and Display campaigns to Performance Max can help you get more conversions and additional coverage across channels—even when you already have existing Performance Max campaigns! 

Advertisers who upgrade Dynamic Search Ad (DSA) campaigns to Performance Max see an average increase of 21% in conversions/conversion value at a similar CPA/ROAS.6 You can get a similar uplift in results even if you’re already running other Performance Max campaigns.  

But you might still be wondering—what’s the point of upgrading these campaigns while keeping them separate from the Performance Max campaigns you already have? It can be helpful to initially separate these campaigns when you upgrade because it makes it easier to look at a “before” and “after” performance comparison. The settings will be equivalent, whereas your other Performance Max campaigns might have slight variations in their configuration. You can always merge and consolidate these Performance Max campaigns later if they have overlapping goals, bid targets, and other settings. 

If you’re interested in upgrading your DSA campaigns, we’ve continued to add new Search-centric features and improvements to Performance Max, including: 

  • Brand exclusions: Prevent Performance Max from serving on specific brand terms (your own, competitor, or partner brands) in Search & Shopping inventory by applying a brand list to your campaign. Campaign-level brand exclusions will apply to most misspellings and brand searches in a foreign language.
  • Account-level negatives: Prevent your ads from showing for search terms that aren’t suitable for your brand in Search & Shopping inventory.
  • Page feeds: Send Search traffic to a specific set of landing page URLs on your site. You can add page feeds in Business Data to specify the URLs on your website that you want to use in your Performance Max campaign.
  • URL contains rules: Apply rules to specify which categories of pages on your website you’d like to send traffic to. I.e. target pages with URLs that contain a certain piece of text. 
  • Better search terms insights: More search categories have been added to search terms insights, along with the ability to apply custom date ranges, download the insights, and access them via the Google Ads API.

Display advertisers also see gains from converting their campaigns to a Performance Max campaign, with small and medium businesses in particular seeing the strongest gains. Advertisers who upgrade Google Display campaigns to Performance Max see an average conversion uplift of 38% at a similar cost per action (CPA)/return on ad spend (ROAS).7 This includes advertisers with existing Performance Max campaigns. Watch how you can upgrade today.

For those exploring whether to upgrade your Display campaigns, we’ve also made it easier to upgrade your campaigns and understand the impact of doing so:

  • Easier mapping of Display Customer Match lists to new customer acquisition in Performance Max: The upgrade tool helps you map your users from your Display campaign’s Customer Match lists to the new customer acquisition goal in Performance Max, so you can more easily find new customers. 

Case Study

Santander logo

Santander, a Brazilian bank, sought to scale up its media investment and results by going beyond Display. Performance Max was essential to accelerating the operation, drastically reducing the number of campaigns needed to scale up, simplifying workflows and reducing operational costs on Display campaigns, with a 67% improvement in operational efficiency. While increasing their investment over two times, their CPA remained profitable. As a result, Santander helped thousands of customers negotiate debts and recover their credit score.

“We upgraded our Display campaigns to Performance Max and achieved unprecedented growth, with a 47% increase in conversions while maintaining a healthy CPA. This was due to Performance Max's ability to reach a wider audience with more relevant ads, as well as its use of Google AI to optimize our campaigns in real time across channels.”
— Leonardo Martins, Marketing Superintendent, Santander

There’s also expanded A/B testing eligibility now for both DSA and Display upgrades to Performance Max. Run an experiment so you can get a better understanding of how upgrading your campaigns will impact your account performance. You can also bulk upgrade DSA campaigns in Google Ads Editor and this functionality is also currently rolling out for Display campaigns.

Question: I’m already targeting store locations in my Performance Max campaign for store goals. Should I also apply geo targets? 
 

Summary: No, don’t add more geo or radius targets on top of the store locations you choose to promote in your Performance Max campaign for store goals. Additional targeting beyond the store locations you select could cause your ads to be shown to users further away from your stores who are less likely to visit. 


No! During campaign construction, you will select the specific store locations that you want to target and Performance Max for store goals will automatically apply a dynamic radius target in the back-end. This will ensure you accurately target specific stores and show ads to customers who are most likely to visit your store. 

Dynamic radius targeting uses a range of signals to reach the right audience. Some of which include:

  • Location
  • Distance to location
  • Search query 
  • Device
  • Likelihood to visit    

After you set up your campaign, we do not recommend using the campaign settings tab to manually apply geo targets. You also should not apply any additional radius targets. The additional targeting could cause you to target more stores than intended and can cause ads to be shown to users further from your store locations.

However, you can still use the campaigns setting tab to exclude specific locations and not show ads in a specific zip code, state or country without impacting the store locations you chose earlier during campaign construction. 

Case Study

Watches of Switzerland logo

Watches of Switzerland Group, a UK luxury watch specialist, increased store visit to purchase rate by 17% and saw a 54% higher average order value after launching their Performance Max campaign to drive traffic to their newly-opened flagship stores.

“Battersea was a key launch for WOSG in 2022, and it was essential that we
drive footfall to the stores from day one. Performance Max for store goals allowed us to drive maximum visibility and impact right from the start.”

James Thompson, Group Digital Marketing Manager, WOSG

Question: What's the ideal campaign structure for Performance Max campaigns?
 

Summary: Consolidate campaigns where you can. This gives Google AI more data and performance history to improve its predictions. Only create separate Performance Max campaigns when they require different goals, budgets or ROAS/CPA targets. Instead, use asset groups within a single Performance Max campaign to segment by different themes and creative assets. 


Advertisers will have different campaign structures based on their business and performance goals. Here are three key principles to keep in mind: 

  1. Streamline and consolidate your campaign structure, where possible. AI learns faster and makes better predictions with more data and performance history. It also optimizes more effectively when it can allocate spend flexibly to where the highest-ROI opportunity exists in each auction. Avoid creating separate campaigns unless they require different budgets, CPA/ROAS targets, or settings for business reasons. 

    Note

    Upgrading your DSA and Display campaigns into new Performance Max campaigns allows for easier “before” and “after” comparisons since the settings will be equivalent to help you evaluate the impact on results. You can always merge and consolidate Performance Max campaigns later if they have overlapping goals, bid targets, and other settings.  

  2. Match your campaign structure to your business needs. For example, you may need to create different Performance Max campaigns if you want to: 
    • Customize assets for different countries or languages. 
    • Dedicate different budgets and CPA/ROAS targets to different marketing objectives or goals (e.g. a store-centric budget). That being said, you can also create a Performance Max campaign that supports multiple conversion goals. For example, you may have a shared budget across your website and stores with the goal of maximizing total revenue.  
    • Allocate specific budgets and CPA/ROAS targets for seasonal moments like holidays, new store openings, promotions and events, etc.
    • Set different ROI targets for certain product categories. 
  1. Segment asset groups based on meaningful themes that require different creative assets. For example, an online university may have different campaigns for different degree programs. And then split their asset groups by the different types of classes offered.

    Tip

    If you have the same budget across evergreen and seasonal moments, we recommend having one unified Performance Max campaign and using asset groups to segment by different occasions.

 

1. Google Internal Data, Global, Feb 2023
2.  Google data, Global, November 2022
3. Google data, Global, November 2022
4. *Average uplift in performance based on internal studies. Individual results may vary according to campaign details. Google Internal Data, Global, All Verticals A/B Test, Oct 2022 - April 2023.
5. Google Data, Global, Ads, Jan 2021 - Dec 2022
6. Google Data, Global, Ads, September 2023 - November 2023
7. Google Data, Global, Ads, February - July 2023. N=1685, studies included advertisers across countries, verticals and business sizes.

 

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