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Chrome log events

View Chrome events in the Admin console

As your organization's administrator, you can run searches and take action on security issues related to Chrome log events. For example, you can view a record of actions to track events related to managed Chrome browsers and ChromeOS devices. You can also see when there has been an unsafe site visit.

Before you begin

To see all Chrome events:

Your access to log events

  • Your ability to run a search depends on your Google edition, your administrative privileges, and the data source. You can run a search on all users, regardless of their Google Workspace edition.
  • Your Workspace subscription provides access to the log events using either the Audit & investigation tool or the Security center. 
    • Premium Google Workspace editions (Enterprise Plus, Enterprise Standard, or Education Plus) provide access to the Security Center and the more advanced features of the security investigation tool. The investigation tool enables super admins to identify, triage, and take action on security and privacy issues. For details, see About the security investigation tool.
    • All other Google Workspace editions can access the logs using the Audit and Investigation tool. For details, see About the audit and investigation page.

Forward log event data to Google Cloud

You can opt in to share the log event data with Google Cloud. If you turn on sharing, data is forwarded to Cloud Logging where you can query and view your logs and control how you route and store your logs.

Run a search for Chrome log events

Audit and investigation tool

To run a search for log events, first choose a data source. Then choose one or more filters for your search.

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using your administrator account (does not end in @gmail.com).

  2. In the Admin console, go to Menu and then Reportingand thenAudit and investigationand thenChrome log events.
  3. Click Add a filter, and then select an attribute.
  4. In the pop-up window, select an operatorand thenselect a valueand thenclick Apply.
    (Optional) To create multiple filters for your search:
    1. Click Add a filter and repeat step 3.
    2. (Optional) To add a search operator, above Add a filter, select AND or OR.
    • (Optional) To create multiple filters for your search, repeat this step.
    • (Optional) To add a search operator, above Add a filter, select AND or OR
  5. Click Search.
  6. Note: Using the Filter tab, you can include simple parameter and value pairs to filter the search results. You can also use the Condition builder tab, where the filters are represented as conditions with AND/OR operators.

Security investigation tool

Requires a premium Google Workspace edition (Enterprise Standard, Enterprise Plus, or Education Plus)

To run a search in the investigation tool, first choose a data source. Then choose one or more conditions for your search. For each condition, choose an attribute, an operator, and a value

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using your administrator account (does not end in @gmail.com).

  2. In the Admin console, go to Menu and then Securityand thenSecurity centerand thenInvestigation tool.
  3. Click Data source and select Chrome log events.
  4. Click Add Condition.
    Tip: You can include one or more conditions in your search or customize your search with nested queries. For details, go to Customize your search with nested queries.
  5. Click Attributeand thenselect an option.
    For a complete list of attributes, go to the Attribute descriptions section (later on this page).
  6. Click Containsand thenselect an operator.
  7. Enter a value or select a value from the list.
  8. (Optional) To add more search conditions, repeat steps 4–7.
  9. Click Search.
    You can review the search results from the investigation tool in a table at the bottom of the page.
  10. (Optional) To save your investigation, click Saveand thenenter a title and descriptionand thenclick Save.

Notes

  • In the Condition builder tab, filters are represented as conditions with AND/OR operators. You can also use the Filter tab to include simple parameter and value pairs to filter the search results.
  • If you gave a user a new name, you will not see query results with the user's old name. For example, if you rename OldName@example.com to NewName@example.com, you will not see results for events related to OldName@example.com.

Attribute descriptions

For this data source, you can use the following attributes when searching log event data:

Attribute Description
Actor group name

Group name of the actor. For more information, go to Filtering results by Google Group.

To add a group to your filtering groups allowlist:

  1. Select Actor group name.
  2. Click Filtering groups.
    The Filtering groups page displays.
  3. Click Add Groups.
  4. Search for a group by entering the first few characters of its name or email address. When you see the group you want, select it.
  5. (Optional) To add another group, search for and select the group.
  6. When you finish selecting groups, click Add.
  7. (Optional) To remove a group, click Remove group .
  8. Click Save.
Actor organizational unit Organizational unit of the actor.
Application name Name of the extension from the Chrome Web Store.
Browser version Number assigned to the version of Chrome browser, such as 123.0.6312.59
Client type

Managed Chrome surface where the event happened.

Content hash The SHA256 hash of the content.
Content name The name of the content downloaded, such as a filename.
Content size* The size of the downloaded content, in bytes.
Content type The media (MIME) type of content downloaded, such as text/html.
Date Date and time of the event, displayed in your browser's default time zone.
Device name The name of the device.
Device platform The OS that the browser is running.
Device user The user's name as reported by the OS.
Directory API ID Device ID returned by the directory API.
Domain* The domain where the action occurred.
Extension action type The type of chrome extension action that triggers the event. Can be Install, Uninstall, or Update.
Extension source The source from where the chrome extension was installed. Can be Chrome Web Store, External, or Unspecified.
Extension version The version of the extension.
Event The logged event action, such as Content unscanned, Unsafe site visit, or Password reuse.
Event reason* Details about the action, such as File is password protected.
Event result The result of the event based on the policies and rules set. Can be Bypassed, Blocked, Warned, Allowed, or Detected.
Profile user The Chrome browser profile username.
Scan ID Scan ID of the content analysis scan that triggered the event.
Tab URL

The URL that the tab redirects to when downloading a file.

Note: Tab URL and URL are identical, except for downloads.

Trigger type The user action that triggered the event, such as Unknown, Page printed, File upload, File download, or Web content upload.
Trigger user The username relating to the event:
  • Password reuse—The username that the password belongs to
  • Password reset—The username that the password is reset for
URL The URL that generated the event.
URL category The content category of the URL that generated the event.
User agent The user agent string of the browser used to access the content. For example, Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_14_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/84.0.4140.0 Safari/537.36.
Virtual device ID* The ID of the device. The value is platform-specific.
* You cannot create reporting rules with these filters. Learn more about reporting rules versus activity rules.

Filter data by Threat or Data Protection events

  1. Open the log events as described above in Access Chrome log event data.
  2. Click Add a filterand thenEvent.
  3. Select the operator.
  4. From the drop-down list, select an option.
  5. Click Apply.

Chrome Threat event descriptions

Event value Description Reporting connector support
Crash events A crash, for either a tab or the browser, is detected. Supported on Chrome browser version 112 and later
Extension install A browser extension was installed, either by user action or by the administrator. Supported on Chrome browser version 110 and later
Malware transfer The content uploaded or downloaded by the user is considered to be malicious, dangerous, or unwanted. Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later
Login events

Note: For this event to be reported, Password Manager must be enabled.

A successful user sign in to a domain with the URL specified in the Reporting Connector settings. You can see the event in the Google Security Center. Unsuccessful sign-ins are not reported.

Supported on Chrome browser version 105 and later
Password breach

Note: For this event to be reported, Password Manager must be enabled.

When a user types their username and password into a website, Chrome warns them if they have been compromised in a data breach on some site or app. For more details, see Change unsafe passwords in your Google Account.

Chrome also suggests that the user changes them everywhere they were used. For the specified URLs in the Admin console, the breach also is displayed in the Google Security Center window if the password was saved in Password Manager. Each URL is displayed as a separate record.

Supported on Chrome browser version 105 and later
Password changed

The user resets their password for the first-signed-in user account.

Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later
Password reuse The user has entered a password into a URL that’s outside of the list of allowed enterprise login URLs. Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later
Unsafe site visit The URL visited by the user is considered to be deceptive or malicious. Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later

Chrome Data Protection event descriptions

Chrome Data Protection events are available only for customers who have purchased Chrome Enterprise Premium .

For more information about Chrome Enterprise Premium and how to set it up, go to Protect Chrome users with Chrome Enterprise Premium threat and data protection.

Event value Description Reporting connector support
Content transfer Content was uploaded, downloaded, or printed from Chrome and sent for Malware or Sensitive data scanning

Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later

Requires Chrome Enterprise Premium

Content unscanned There are multiple reasons why a file is unscanned, including
  • File is password protected
  • File is too large
  • DLP scan was unsuccessful
  • Malware scan was unsuccessful
  • Malware scan unsupported file type
  • Service unavailable

Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later

Requires Chrome Enterprise Premium

Sensitive data transfer The content uploaded, downloaded, printed, or pasted by the user is considered to contain sensitive data, as detected by the Data Protection rules.

Supported on Chrome browser version 104 and later

Requires Chrome Enterprise Premium

URL filtering The user tried to access a URL that matched a Data Protection rule set by the admin

Supported on Chrome browser version 113 and later

Requires Chrome Enterprise Premium

Important: Content upload attempts, not completed uploads, are logged for Chrome Data Protection events. Uploads might not be successful due to server failures, network errors, user cancellation of the upload, or websites that don’t support file or folder uploads.

ChromeOS Security event descriptions  

Event value Description Reporting connector support Required policy
ChromeOS login failure The user failed to sign in to their ChromeOS device. Supported Report device telemetryand thenLogin/Logout status
ChromeOS login success The user successfully signed in to their ChromeOS device. Supported
ChromeOS logout The user successfully signed out of their ChromeOS device. Supported
ChromeOS user added A user account was added to a ChromeOS device. Supported
ChromeOS user removed A user account was removed from a ChromeOS device. Supported
ChromeOS lock success The screen of a ChromeOS device was locked. Not supported
ChromeOS unlock success The screen of a ChromeOS device was unlocked. Not supported
ChromeOS unlock failure There was a failed attempt to unlock a ChromeOS device. Not supported
ChromeOS device boot state change

A ChromeOS device’s boot state has been switched to either Developer or Verified mode.

  • Devices must be enrolled in a managed domain both before and after switching boot state to generate a boot state change event.
Not supported Report device OS informationand thenOS boot mode
ChromeOS USB device added

A USB device was added to a ChromeOS device. This event is only reported for affiliated users.

Supported Report device OS informationand thenUSB peripheral status
ChromeOS USB device removed A USB device was removed from a ChromeOS device. This event is only reported for affiliated users. Supported
ChromeOS USB status change An affiliated user signs into the device all existing USB connections will be reported. Supported
ChromeOS CRD host started An affiliated user initiated a Chrome Report Desktop (CRD) host session on a managed device. Supported Report device OS informationand thenCRD sessions
ChromeOS CRD client connected

A user connected to the Chrome Report Desktop (CRD) session.

Supported
ChromeOS CRD client disconnected A user disconnected from the Chrome Report Desktop (CRD) session. Supported
ChromeOS CRD host stopped An affiliated user stopped a Chrome Report Desktop (CRD) host session on a managed device. Supported
ChromeOS rollback successful A ChromeOS device completed an OS rollback. Not supported Report device OS informationand thenReport OS update status
ChromeOS version update successful A user successfully updated a ChromeOS device to the target ChromeOS version. Not supported
ChromeOS version update failure A ChromeOS device failed to update to the target ChromeOS version. Not supported
Chrome OS device powerwash initiated A ChromeOS device initiated a powerwash. Not supported
Data access control A user has triggered ChromeOS data control rules applied by the admin. Supported Data controls reporting

Manage log event data

Manage search results column data

You can control which data columns appear in your search results.

  1. At the top-right of the search results table, click Manage columns .
  2. (Optional) To remove current columns, click Remove .
  3. (Optional) To add columns, next to Add new column, click the Down arrow  and select the data column.
    Repeat as needed.
  4. (Optional) To change the order of the columns, drag the data column names.
  5. Click Save.

Export search result data

You can export search results in the investigation tool to Google Sheets or to a CSV file.

  1. At the top of the search results table, click Export all.
  2. Enter a name and then click Export.
    The export displays below the search results table under Export action results.
  3. To view the data, click the name of your export.
    The export opens in Google Sheets.

Export limits vary depending on your Google Workspace edition:

  • Premium edition (Enterprise Plus, Enterprise Standard, or Education Plus)The total results of the export are limited to 30 million rows (except for Gmail message searches, which are limited to 10,000 rows).
  • All other Google Workspace editions—The total results of the export are limited to 100,000 rows (except for Gmail message searches, which are limited to 10,000 rows).

For more information, see Export search results.

When and how long is data available?

Take action based on search results

Create activity rules & set up alerts

Rules and alert features vary depending on your Google Workspace edition:

Premium editions (Enterprise Plus, Enterprise Standard, or Education Plus)—To help prevent, detect, and remediate security issues efficiently, you can automate actions in the investigation tool and set up alerts by creating activity rules. To set up a rule, set up conditions for the rule, and then specify what actions to perform when the conditions are met. For details and instructions, see Create and manage activity rules.

All other Google Workspace editions—You can set up alerts based on log event data using reporting rules. For instructions, see Create and manage reporting rules.

Take action based on search results

 Requires a premium Google Workspace edition (Enterprise Standard, Enterprise Plus, or Education Plus)

After you run a search in the investigation tool, you can act on your search results. For example, you can run a search based on Gmail log events, and then use the investigation tool to delete specific messages, send messages to quarantine, or send messages to users' inboxes. For more details about actions in the investigation tool, go to Take action based on search results.

Manage your investigations

 Requires a premium Google Workspace edition (Enterprise Standard, Enterprise Plus, or Education Plus)

View your list of investigations

To view a list of the investigations that you own and that were shared with you, click View investigations. The investigation list includes the names, descriptions, and owners of the investigations, and the date last modified. 

From this list, you can take action on any investigations that you own—for example, to delete an investigation. Check the box for an investigation, and then click Actions.

Note: Directly above your list of investigations, under Quick access, you can view recently saved investigations.

Configure settings for your investigations

As a super administrator, click Settings to :

  • Change the time zone for your investigations. The time zone applies to search conditions and results.
  • Turn on or off Require reviewer. For more details, go to Require reviewers for bulk actions.
  • Turn on or off View content. This setting allows admins with the appropriate privileges to view content.
  • Turn on or off Enable action justification.

For instructions and details, go to Configure settings for your investigations.

Share, delete, and duplicate investigations

To save your search criteria or share it with others, you can create and save an investigation, and then share, duplicate, or delete it.

For details, go to Save, share, delete, and duplicate investigations.

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