Conversion tracking is a free tool that reports on desired actions your website visitors take after they have interacted with your ads. Clicks measure traffic whereas conversions measure value. Examples of conversion goals include monetary actions, such as donations, purchases, ticket sales, membership fees, as well as non-monetary actions, such as email sign-ups, volunteer sign-ups, new membership form completions, information request submissions, calls to your organization, or time spent reading content on your website.
How to track meaningful activity on your website:
Determine which tracking tool to use (conversion source)
Track with a tag from your Ad Grants account or import goals from Google Analytics
A conversion is tracked by the addition of code on your site and is triggered by a visitor engaging with pages or content where the code is placed. There are two main options using free Google tools: you may use either Google Ads conversion tracking tag or import goals from Google Analytics.
Determine your goal (conversion action)
Select a meaningful conversion action
The actions you track on your site should reflect your organization's goals. From the list below, consider all of the actions that indicate a website visitor has engaged with your organization.
Google Analytics Goal options (import into your Ad Grants account)
Accepted Google Analytics goal types
Recommendation: Track a visitor that sees a 'thank you' page URL, one that's only reached when someone completes a meaningful action on your site.
Disallowed: Your homepage or a frequently visited webpage may not be used as the landing page for a Destination URL goal, as your number of conversions won't reflect a significant difference to your clicks. If you don't have a 'thank you' page, use a Smart Goal instead.
Google Ads conversion action options
Recommendation: Place the code on a 'thank you' page that's only reached by a visitor when they complete a meaningful action on your site.
Disallowed: Your homepage or a frequently visited webpage may not be used as the landing page for a Website conversion, as your number of conversions won't reflect a significant difference to your clicks. If you don't have a 'thank you' page, install Analytics installed and use Smart Goals instead.
Phone call (Note: country availability)
Select the appropriate conversion category
Ad Grants policy: The conversion category Purchase/Sale must be used for any monetary based conversion, e.g. Donations, sales of products, membership fees or ticket sales.
Nonprofit conversion goals
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Set conversion values
Set values for your conversions so you can track which campaign types are most effective
Not all conversions are equal — some are worth more to your goals than others. If you assign values to your conversions, you'll be able to gauge the total value driven by your ads for different conversion types, rather than only the number of conversions. Then you'll be able to identify and focus on the highest-value conversions.
[Recommended] Use different values for each conversion
A transaction-specific value can be different each time the same conversion type occurs. If you accept donations online, for example, one donation conversion might be worth $25, while another is worth $100. You can track unique values for each conversion for several types of conversions, such as:
- Membership fees
- Ticket sales
- Other monetary goals
If your website shows the specific values of each conversion and your site doesn’t lead to a separate thank you page for each conversion, then use Google Analytics’ Ecommerce tracking or AdWords’ Transaction-specific conversion values to track the dynamic values.
We recommend that you select "Every" in your conversion counting settings if this is the case, so every donation is counted even if from the same person, instead of just the first donation from that person.
Below, you’ll find step-by-step instructions for how to track unique values on some of the most popular donation platforms:
Use the same value for each conversion:
If your website isn’t set up to show a unique sale amount or donation value, or if there’s only a free text box to add a donation amount, use your average value instead.
For example, if all donations lead to the same ‘thank you’ page and you know that your average online donation is $20 you can set your average value to $20 for all visits to the ‘thank you’ page.
To change a conversion value, follow these steps:
- Sign in to your Google Ads account.
- In the upper right corner of your account, click the tool icon.
- Under "Measurement," click Conversions.
- Click the name of the conversion action you’d like to change.
- Click Edit settings.
- Click Value.
- Select “Use the same value for each conversion”
- Enter the currency and average value of each donation in the drop down options.
- Click Save.
- Click Done.
Set your conversion count
Ensure you’re counting every meaningful action accurately
Track how you count conversions based on the the type of conversion you're tracking. You can choose to count every conversion that happens after a click, or only one conversion that happens after a click.
Only use every when additional value is added with the extra conversion. For example, a visitor signing up to run two charity races after a single ad click is something you would want to track as 2 conversions, so select every.
If no additional value is created, select one. For example, if the same person downloads the same content twice, you would only want to track this as 1 conversion, so therefore select one.
Once you’ve decided the best way to count the conversions you've created, adjust counting settings.
Determine your conversion window
Include all conversions that happen within an appropriate time frame
Another option to customize when setting up conversion tracking is your conversion window. You can adjust the time frame, or window, that you want to count the conversion from a person who clicked on your ad.
The default window is set to “30 days”, which means that you’ll track conversions that happened within 30 days of the click on your ad.
Only include macro, lower funnel actions in "Conversions"
Ensure automated tools are using relevant information
This setting decides what conversion actions are included for use by automated features.
For smart bidding strategies like Maximize Conversions, all conversions where "Include in conversions" is "yes" will be included for the system to make bidding decisions. The default setting is to include, but you may choose to exclude some conversion goals that are less valuable to your organization.
Determine which attribution model you'll use
Determine how much credit is attributed to each click before a conversion
Before a conversion, a person may search multiple times and interact with multiple ads from the same advertiser. Attribution models let you choose how much credit each click gets for your conversions. You can attribute the credit to the customer's first click, last click, or a combination of multiple clicks.
Recommended best practice: Consider using an attribution model other than last click
We recommend using Time Decay (a.k.a. Waterfall model). This gives distributes value with more allocated to the last interaction. For example, when one conversion was preceded by 4 clicks on ads, each click gets a fraction of the conversions, e.g. 0.4, 0.3, 0.2 and 0.1.
Use your conversion data to inform smart bidding
Accurate conversion tracking is important so smart bidding strategies use accurate insights to bid higher for valuable clicks to your organization.
Set your bid strategy to Maximize Conversions or Maximize Conversion Values
Use a conversion based Smart Bidding strategy and let the system bid higher for an audience more likely to complete your online goals.
Ad Grants has a limitation of $2 Cost-per-click (CPC) but to help Grantees attract more meaningful visitors this to CPC can be exceeded for conversion based Smart Bidding strategies.
- Sign in to your Google Ads account.
- In the page menu on the left, click Campaigns.
- Select the campaign you want to edit.
- Click Settings in the page menu for this campaign.
- Open Bidding and then click Change bid strategy.
- Select Maximize Conversions, Maximize Conversion Values, Target CPA, or Target ROAS from the drop-down menu. We recommend Maximize Conversions.
- Click Save.
Conversion Tracking Troubleshooting
If you're recording an unusually low number or no conversions
If you're using the Google Ads conversion tag
Verify your conversion tag is working: Navigate to see your conversions and check the “Tracking Status” column. Hover over the ‘Recording Conversions’ messaging symbol to determine your status. Follow the hints to address the issue. See: Check your conversion tracking tag.
Verify the code / tag is in the right place: After you’ve clicked on each conversion you’ve added, you’ll see a tab called Webpages, which lists the URLs of pages where you’re tracking conversions. These are the pages where you’ve added your conversion tag. Visit these URLs and use the Google Tag Assistant see if there are any issues with the code.
If everything appears in working order but you’re recording 0 conversions:
Ensure you’ve copied and pasted the code to your site exactly.
Check for other applications and/or plugins interfering with the code.
Remarketing and conversion code look similar so make sure they haven’t been mixed up along the way.
If you're using Google Analytics Goals
If you're recording an unusually high number of conversions or high conversion rate
- Google Ads conversion tracking troubleshooting article: Check your conversion tracking tag.
- Analytics goal troubleshooting article: Analytics is not tracking goals
- Ad Grants Live Stream on fixing common conversion tracking problems