[GA4] Understanding Google Analytics Reports

Explore our reporting guide to fully understand the basics of Google Analytics reports and see examples of the data that is collected.

Google Analytics collects data from your websites and apps to create reports that provide insights into your business. You can use reports to monitor traffic, investigate data, and understand your users and their activity.

Once Analytics starts to receive data, the data appears in the Realtime report and then in your other reports shortly after. Some of the data in your reports is collected from your websites and apps once you set up Google Analytics, while other data requires some additional setup.

You can find all your reports by clicking Reports Reports on the left.

A screenshot of the Reports section on the left with the Reports option highlighted

Get started

When getting started with Google Analytics, you will see a Reports snapshot report, a Realtime report, and a number of predefined reports. Everyone with access to your Analytics account will see the same set of reports on the left.

A screenshot of Reports with the left navigation highlighted

You will find the following types of reports on the left:

  • An overview report is a report that summarizes information about a topic; for example, the Acquisition overview and Engagement overview reports.
  • A detail report is a report that allows you to drill into one or two dimensions to investigate your data in greater detail; for example, the Ecommerce purchases and Events reports.

Customize reports

You can change the reports that appear on the left, and you can change the information included in each report. While Analytics provides a tailored collection of reports for your business, customizing the reports and navigation allows you to further customize the interface to meet your business needs. Learn more about customizing reports

Find your way around

The following is an example of a report in Google Analytics:

A labeled screenshot of the User acquisition report

  1. Apply a filter to see a subset of your report data. Learn more
  2. Apply a comparison to see different sets of data side-by-side. Learn more
  3. Identify how much of your data appears in the report. Learn more
  4. Adjust the date range for all your reports. You won't find this option in the Realtime report.
  5. Customize the report, share or export the report, and get insights about your data.

Report collections

The set of reports below the Reports snapshot and Realtime reports on the left are called report collections. You will see some of the following report collections based on information you provide during setup. You can customize the report collections to include any report.

Report collection What it is Appears automatically when...
App developer

Summarizes key metrics about the apps you connect to Firebase, including data about your users and their behavior

you add the Google Analytics for Firebase SDK to your connected mobile app
Games reporting

Provides game-specific information to help you measure customer behavior across the user funnel and develop metric-driven insights about your mobile gaming apps

you have at least one app data stream associated with a games app in the Google Play Store or Apple App Store, or the industry category in your Property Settings is set to "Games"
Life cycle

Helps you understand each stage in the customer journey — from acquisition to retention

All Google Analytics properties start with this collection by default.

Helps you understand the people who use your websites and apps, such as their ages, interests, devices, and app versions

All Google Analytics properties start with this collection by default.

What's next

When you want to investigate certain pieces of data further, you can build an exploration for deeper investigation or export your data to BigQuery so you can run SQL-like commands on your data.

Additionally, you can download the Analytics app to access your Analytics accounts and data from your phone or tablet. The Analytics app includes many of the same reports you find in Analytics on the web. You can download the Google Analytics mobile app for Android or iOS. Learn more

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