We are proud to comply with regulations across the world and across various industry sectors such as healthcare and education. You can use our services with confidence that Google provides the tools and controls you need to meet your compliance requirements.
To help answer some of the many questions we receive, we have created this FAQ and a companion Google Workspace security site. We hope this helps to answer some of your questions about Google's position on these important issues! Be sure to check Google's Privacy and Terms page for tools and information relating to consumer privacy.
If you need to report an abuse issue, learn more about reporting abuse issues to our team.How can I verify the security of Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform?
Our customers and regulators expect independent verification of security, privacy and compliance controls. Google undergoes several independent third party audits on a regular basis to provide this assurance. This means that an independent auditor has examined the controls present in our data centers, infrastructure and operations. Google solutions have regular audits for the following standards:
- SOC1™ (SSAE-18/ISAE-3402)—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- SOC2™—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- SOC3™—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- ISO27001—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- ISO27017—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- ISO27018—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- ISO27701—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- HIPAA—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
- FedRAMP—Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform
The SOC3 reports prove that our controls have been examined by an independent accountant. It represents the practitioner’s report on management's assertion(s) that the entity's business being relied upon is in conformity with the applicable Trust Services Principle(s) and Criteria.
The ISO27001 certificates prove the functional scope of the ISO/IEC 27001:2013 standard. Certification is bounded by the Google Workspace (and Google Workspace for Education), Google Cloud Platform, Google Plus, Google Now, Google Analytics, and Analytics Premium offerings and the data contained or collected by those offerings and specified facilities.
You can obtain a copy of these compliance reports at Compliance Reports Manager by signing in to your account.
Google has a broad customer base in Europe. Over 50% of our business customers are based outside of the United States. Google provides capabilities and contractual commitments created to meet data protection recommendations provided by the Article 29 Working Party. Google offers to sign the Data Processing Amendment for Google Workspace and Data Processing and Security Terms (DPST) for Google Cloud Platform. Google Cloud offers Standard Contractual Clauses or Model Contract Clauses (MCCs) to our customers, which are already incorporated in our DPST and DPA.
To opt-in to our Data Processing Amendment, follow these instructions:
Along with independent third-party audits of our data protection practices and our ISO 27001 certification, and verification that our privacy practices and contractual commitments comply with ISO/IEC 27018:2014, we provide our customers with several compliance options to address EU data protection regulations.
The European Commission’s Data Protection Directive is an important piece of privacy legislation passed by the European Union (EU) in 1995. It restricts the movement of data from the EU to non-EU countries that do not meet the EU’s “adequacy” standard for privacy protection. Processing personal data strictly within the EU is one means of compliance with the Directive. Other means of compliance don’t require data location within the EU, such as the use of European Commission-approved model contract clauses.
Google Cloud offers Standard Contractual Clauses or Model Contract Clauses (MCCs) to our customers, which are already incorporated in our DPST and DPA. Customers who wish to opt in to MCC separately may opt in via the online process described here for Google Workspace and here for GCP.
Storing your data in a particular country does not necessarily protect the data from access by foreign governments. Location of data in one jurisdiction doesn't necessarily mean that another can't compel its disclosure. Moreover, there are reports of government attempts to directly tap cable lines between data centers in multiple locations around the world. That's why we are advocating for surveillance reform. We refuse to provide governments with access to our systems or to install equipment that gives them access to user data. For more information on how government requests for data are handled, please visit Google’s Transparency Report.
Your data will be stored in Google's network of data centers. Google maintains a number of geographically distributed data centers. Google's computing clusters are designed with resiliency and redundancy in mind, eliminating any single point of failure and minimizing the impact of common equipment failures and environmental risks.
Google Workspace supports our customers’ compliance with the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). Customers who are subject to HIPAA and wish to use Google Workspace with Protected Health Information (PHI) must sign a Business Associate Agreement (BAA) with Google. Administrators for organizations with Google Workspace, Google Workspace for Education, and Google Workspace for Government can request a BAA before using Google services with PHI. For a list of HIPAA supported Google Workspace functionalities, please check here.
More than 40 million students rely on Google Workspace for Education. Google Workspace for Education complies with the U.S. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and our commitment to do so is included in our agreements. We contractually require Google Workspace for Education schools to obtain parental consent regarding the use of our service in conformity with the U.S. Child Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), which facilitates compliance with COPPA requirements.
The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA) is a U.S. federal law pertaining to the information security of federal agencies' information systems. FISMA applies to all information systems used or operated by U.S. federal agencies, or by contractors or other organizations on behalf of the government.
The Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) implements FISMA for U.S. federal agencies using cloud computing services. FedRAMP is the required cloud security compliance standard for Federal agencies.
Google Workspace, including Google Workspace, Google Workspace for Education, Google Workspace for Nonprofits and Government, and Google App Engine have received a FedRAMP Authorization to Operate (ATO) at the FIPS 199 Moderate impact level, the standard level for Controlled Unclassified Information.
The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a set of policies and technical requirements defined for systems that contain or process payment card information. Google Cloud Platform has been assessed by a Qualified Security Assessor (QSA) and found to be in compliance with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standards (DSS). Google is using the QSA’s Report on Compliance to confirm that application developers can create and operate their own secure and compliant solutions using its platform. Google Workspace is not meant to process or store credit card transactions. Therefore, customers may configure controls to prevent emails with credit card information from being sent from Google Workspace. This helps our customers maintain PCI DSS compliance.
Google Cloud Platform undergoes an annual third-party audit to certify individual products against the PCI DSS. This means that these services provide an infrastructure upon which customers may build their own services or applications which store, process, or transmit cardholder data. It is important to note that customers are still responsible for ensuring that their applications are PCI DSS compliant. To learn how to use Google Cloud Platform to implement PCI DSS in your application, see PCI Data Security Standard compliance.
Google Vault is an add-on for Google Workspace that lets you retain, archive, search, and export your organization's email for your eDiscovery and compliance needs. Vault is entirely web-based, so there's no need to install or maintain any software. With Vault, you can:
- Keep data for as long as you need it.
- Remove data when you no longer need it.
- Search, hold, and export data of interest.
For more information, see What is Google Vault?
The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is a set of U.S. government regulations that control the export and import of defense-related articles and services on the United States Munitions List (USML). Google does not support use of our services with ITAR-controlled data.
The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) replaces the 1995 EU Data Protection Directive. The GDPR strengthens the rights that individuals have regarding personal data relating to them and seeks to unify data protection laws across Europe, regardless of where that data is processed.
You can count on the fact that Google is committed to GDPR compliance across Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform services. We are also committed to helping our customers with their GDPR compliance journey by providing them with the robust privacy and security protections we have built into our services and contracts over the years.
Among other things, data controllers are required to use only data processors that provide sufficient guarantees to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures in such a manner that processing will meet the requirements of the GDPR.
Our data processing terms for Google Workspace and Google Cloud Platform clearly articulate our privacy commitments to customers. We have evolved these terms over the years based on feedback from our customers and regulators and have updated them to specifically address GDPR changes.
Please visit our GDPR site for more information.
You may want to consult with your legal counsel about your specific privacy and data protection obligations and which model suits your compliance needs.