# How to estimate conversion value

When estimating value-per-conversion, it’s often strategic to factor in things like repeat business, word of mouth and lifetime customer value. Factoring in these values can give you the flexibility to bid higher while confidently bidding below your value-per-click.

Let’s look at a fictional business-to-business machinery company named Example Machines to see how this works. Rather than sell directly online, Example Machines uses AdWords to generate leads for its sales team. We’ll factor that in too.

Short-term conversion value for Example Machines

• Average deal revenue: £3,000
• Profit margin: 45%
• Leads which convert to a deal: 20%
• Value-per-conversion (short-term): £270 (£3,000 * 45% * 20%)

Factoring in word of mouth

Example Machines has data showing that for each customer they usually gain 15% in additional business through word of mouth. Here’s how we factor that in:

• Gain from word of mouth: 15%
• Value-per-conversion (+ word of mouth): £310.50 (£270 * 115%)

Note: We multiply by 115% instead of 15%.  This is because we are amplifying a gain as opposed to a loss.

Lastly, Example Machines knows that each new customer makes repeat purchases worth approximately £5,000 in revenue over their lifetime. It’s easiest to factor this into initial deal value.
• Average deal revenue: £3,000
• Profit margin: 45%
• Lifetime profit-per-customer: £3,600 (£3,000 + £5,000)*(45%)

Then we can factor back in how many leads convert to a deal and word of mouth gains:
• Leads which convert to a deal: 20%
• Gain from word of mouth: 15%
• Lifetime value-per-conversion: £828.00 (£3,600 * 20% * 115%)

How this enables more strategic bidding
Let’s assume 5% of clicks will convert to a sales lead, and see how this affects our value-per-click:

• Value-per-click (short term): £13.50 (£270.00 * 5%)
• Value-per-click (+ word of mouth): £15.53 (£310.50 * 5%)
• Value-per-click (lifetime): £41.40 (£828.00 * 5%)

Notice how factoring in full conversion value enables Example Machines to consider a broader range of profitable CPC bids.

Conversion value challenges
Many factors can make it difficult to estimate conversion value in practice. Some examples include:

• A hotel chain where inventory is limited by time and available rooms
• An e-commerce site where customers search for one product, then purchase another
• Business services where deal sizes can vary between thousands and millions of pounds
• Subscription services where a new customer may enrol in a range of offerings over time

Even in cases where estimating conversion value is difficult, it may still be possible to use an estimated range for your likely conversion value, or conservative estimates for factors that are difficult to track. For example, if you’re intuitively confident that gains from word of mouth represent an additional 20-30% of value but you lack definitive tracking, then using a 15-20% conservative estimate is often more helpful than using no value at all.