About functions in custom columns

Functions produce an output called a return value (which could be a number, text, true/false value, or date type, depending on the function). Most functions require parameters. Parameters are the inputs into the function, and are specified in parentheses after the function name and separated by commas. The order of parameters and data format of each parameter is important. When you insert a function from a menu, placeholder text for each parameter will be inserted. You must replace the placeholder text for each parameter to complete the function. Functions with “...” can accept any number of additional parameters.

For instructions on how to use functions in custom columns, read Create custom columns.

Category Return Type Function Description
Arithmetic Number round(x) Rounds [x] to the nearest integer
Arithmetic Number floor(x) Returns the greatest integer less than or equal to [x]
Arithmetic Number ceiling(x) Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to [x]
Logic Varies if(condition, if_true, if_false) Evaluates [condition] and returns [if_true] if the condition is true and [if_false] if the condition is false. The return value will be the same type as [if_true] and [if_false].
Logic True/False or(x, y, ...) Returns True if one of the parameters is true
Logic True/False not(x) Returns True if [x] is false and returns False if [x] is true
Logic True/False and(x, y, ...) Returns True if all parameters are true
Text Text concat(text1, text2, ...) Combines 2 or more text strings
Text True/False is_empty(text) Returns True if [text] has no characters
Text Text trim(text) Removes whitespace around a text string
Text True/False starts_with(needle, haystack) Returns True if [haystack] text string begins with [needle]
Text True/False ends_with(needle, haystack) Returns True if [haystack] text string ends with [needle]
Text Number search(needle, haystack) Returns the starting position of the first instance of [needle] in [haystack]
Text True/False contains(needle, haystack) Returns True when [haystack] text string contains [needle]
Text Text right(text, length) Returns the last [length] characters of [text]
Text Text left(text, length) Returns the first [length] characters of [text]
Text Text substitute(haystack, needle, replacement) Substitutes all instances of [needle] in [haystack] with [replacement]
Text Text upper(text) Converts all characters in [text] to UPPERCASE
Text Text lower(text) Converts all characters in [text] to lowercase
Text Number length(text) Return the number of characters in [text]
Conversion Text to_text(value) Converts [value] to text
Conversion Number to_number(value) Converts [value] to a number
Date Date date(year, month, day) Returns a date with the specified year, month, and day
Date Number day(date) Returns the day of the month from [date]
Date Number month(date) Returns the month of the year (1 through 12) from [date]
Date Number quarter(date) Returns the quarter of the year (1 through 4) from [date]
Date Number year(date) Returns the year of [date] as a number
Date Number weekday(date) Returns the day of the week (1 through 7) for [date] where Sunday is 1
Date Number weeknum(date) Returns the current week number in a year (1 through 54) for [date] where weeks start on Sunday
Date Number daynum(date) Returns the day of the year (1 through 355 or 356) for [date]
Date Number days_between(date1, date2) Returns the number of days between [date1] and [date2]
Date Date offset_days(date, days) Add [days] days to [date], counting forward/backward days on a calendar
Date Date offset_months(date, months) Add [months] to the month component of [date]; if the resulting month doesn't have enough days for the day component, the last day of the new month is returned
Date Date offset_years(date, years) Adds [years] to the year component of [date]
Date Date today() Returns the current date in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date yesterday() Returns the previous day's date in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date week_start_sunday() Returns the date of the most recent Sunday in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date week_start_monday() Returns the date of the most recent Monday in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date month_start() Returns the first date in the current month in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date year_start() Returns the first date in the current year (January 1) in custom column owner's account timezone
Date Date report_range_start() Returns the date at the beginning of the report’s current time range.
Date Date report_range_end() Returns the date at the end of the report’s current time range
Date Number report_days_count() Returns the number of days covered by the report based on its start and end date
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