IF function

Returns one value if a logical expression is 'TRUE' and another if it is 'FALSE'.

Sample usage

IF(A2 = 'foo','A2 is foo')

IF(A2,'A2 was true','A2 was false')

IF(TRUE,4,5)

Syntax

IF(logical_expression, value_if_true, value_if_false)

  • logical_expression – An expression or reference to a cell containing an expression that represents some logical value, i.e. TRUE or FALSE.

  • value_if_true – The value that the function returns if logical_expression is TRUE.

  • value_if_false[ OPTIONAL – blank by default ] – The value that the function returns if logical_expression is FALSE.

Notes

  • Ensure that value_if_true and value_if_false are provided to the function in the correct order – this is the single most common source of problems with IF.

See also

  • IFERROR: Returns the first argument if it is not an error value; otherwise, it returns the second argument if present or a blank if the second argument is absent.
  • IFS: Evaluates multiple conditions and returns a value that corresponds to the first true condition.

Examples

Specifies a logical test to be performed.

Make a copy

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