Returns the month of the year a specific date falls in, in numeric format.

Sample Usage

MONTH(DATE(1969, 7, 20))






  • date - The date from which to extract the month. Must be a reference to a cell containing a date, a function returning a date type, or a number.


  • Ensure that the input to the function is either a reference to a cell containing a date, a function which returns a date object such as DATE, DATEVALUE or TO_DATE, or a date serial number of the type returned by the N function. Google Sheets represents dates as numbers; while conversion is automatic when a human-readable date is entered into a cell, functions only accept literal dates in numeric format.

  • MONTH does not autoconvert number formats in the same way that Google Sheets does upon direct entry into cells. Therefore, MONTH(10/10/2000) is interpreted as MONTH(0.005), the quotient of 10 divided by 10 divided by 2000.

  • MONTH returns the intuitive understanding of the month of the year, and is useful primarily in other calculations rather than to extract the month from a known date, as that value is easily known from a plain reading of the entire date.

See Also

YEAR: Returns the year specified by a given date.

WEEKDAY: Returns a number representing the day of the week of the date provided.

TO_DATE: Converts a provided number to a date.

N: Returns the argument provided as a number.

DAY: Returns the day of the month that a specific date falls on, in numeric format.

DATEVALUE: Converts a provided date string in a known format to a date value.

DATE: Converts a year, month, and day into a date.


Returns the month as an integer for the given date value.

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