Convert Text and Numbers to Date and Date & Time

Dates and times in your underlying data sets can be represented in different ways. Some data sets clearly indicate that a particular field is a date or datetime. Other data sets might use text and numeric values that represent dates in ways that are easy for Data Studio to recognize. In these cases, Data Studio creates Date or Date & Time fields in your data source to handle that information.

Sometimes, though, the data is ambiguous, making it difficult for Data Studio to know how to handle it. For example:

  • Does 20201210 represent a date? Maybe, maybe not. It could represent a number or currency value: $20,201,210.
  • Does 12/10/2020 represent Dec 10, 2020 or Oct 12, 2020?

Can't convert to date

If you connect to data that contains ambiguous dates or times, you may see a message saying "Data Studio can't convert [field] to a date". To resolve this, do one of the following:

Change the underlying data

If you can edit the data set, consider changing the format of your date field to a full year, month, and day format. You may also be able to set the field's data type to date or date and time. This is the recommended approach, especially if you'll be creating multiple data sources from this data set.

Convert to date using a calculated field

To create a valid Date or Date & Time field from your original unrecognized field, create a new calculated field and use the PARSE_DATE or PARSE_DATETIME function. See the examples below, replacing field with the name of the original (unrecognized) field.

Example formulas

If field is a text field…

Format

Formula

2020-03-18

PARSE_DATE("%Y-%m-%d", field)

2020/03/18

PARSE_DATE("%Y/%m/%d", field)

20200318

PARSE_DATE("%Y%m%d", field)

3/18/2020

PARSE_DATE("%m/%d/%Y", field)

18/3/2020

PARSE_DATE("%d/%m/%Y", field)

Mar 18, 2020

PARSE_DATE("%b %d, %Y", field)

Wed, Mar 18, 2020

PARSE_DATE("%a, %b %d, %Y", field)

March 18, 2020

PARSE_DATE("%B %d, %Y", field)

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

PARSE_DATE("%A, %b %d, %Y", field)

If field includes the time:

Format

Formula

2020-03-18 16:45:00.000000

PARSE_DATETIME("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%E*S", field)

2020-03-18T16:45:00.000000

PARSE_DATETIME("%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%E*S", field)

If field is a number field…

Format

Formula

20200318

PARSE_DATE("%Y%m%d", CAST(field AS TEXT))

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