If you have a manual action against your site for unnatural links to your site, or if you think you're about to get such a manual action (because of paid links or other link schemes that violate our quality guidelines), you should try to remove the links from the other site to your site. If you can't remove those links yourself, or get them removed, then you should disavow the URLs of the questionable pages or domains that link to your website.
Step 0: Decide if this is necessary
In most cases, Google can assess which links to trust without additional guidance, so most sites will not need to use this tool.
You should disavow backlinks only if:
- You have a considerable number of spammy, artificial, or low-quality links pointing to your site,
- The links have caused a manual action, or likely will cause a manual action, on your site.
Google works very hard to make sure that actions on third-party sites do not negatively affect a website. In some circumstances, incoming links can affect Google’s opinion of a page or site. For example, you or an SEO that you’ve hired may have built bad links to your site via paid links or other link schemes that violate our quality guidelines. First and foremost, we recommend that you remove as many spammy or low-quality links from the web as possible.
Step 1: Create a list of links to disavow
Assemble your list of pages or domains to disavow in a text file that you will upload to Google.
Link file format:
- Specify one URL or domain to disavow per line. You cannot disavow an entire subpath, such as
- To disavow a domain (or subdomain) prefix it with "
domain:", for example:
- The file must be a text file encoded in UTF-8 or 7-bit ASCII
- The file name must end in .txt
- Maximum URL length is 2,048 characters
- Maximum file size is 100,000 lines (including blank lines and comment lines) and 2MB.
- You can include comments if you like by starting a line with a # mark. Any lines that begin with # will be ignored by Google.
# Two pages to disavow http://spam.example.com/stuff/comments.html http://spam.example.com/stuff/paid-links.html # One domain to disavow domain:shadyseo.com
If you have found URLs or sites to disavow in the links report for your site, you can download the data from the Links report by clicking the export button. Be sure to remove any URLs from the downloaded file that you don't want to disavow.
Step 2: Upload your list
- You can post one disavow list for each property that you own. Uploading a new list for a property will replace any existing list for that property.
- You must be a property owner to upload a disavow list.
- Disavowed links will continue to be shown in the Links report.
To upload the list of pages or domains to disavow:
- Go to the disavow links tool page.
- Select a property from the property list. The list will apply to this property only. If a list already exists for this property, you will see a summary of disavowed pages and domains. Uploading another list to this property will replace the existing list for this property.
- Click the button to upload your list.
- Choose the disavow file from your local computer as directed.
- If the file has any errors, you will see a list of errors immediately. Your old list will not be replaced. You can fix your new list and try to upload it again.
- If the upload is successful, it can take a few weeks for Google to incorporate your list into the index as Google recrawls the web and reprocess the pages that we see.
Remove all disavowals for a property
If you want to remove all disavowals for a given property, follow these steps. If you want to replace an old list with a new one, you do not need to do this; simply upload the new list.
- Go to the disavow links tool page.
- Select a property from the property list.
- Click Cancel Disavowals. The disavowal list for the selected property will be removed. It can take a few weeks for Google to incorporate your list into our index as we recrawl the web and reprocess the pages that we see.