Encoding

Accepted file delivery formats and options
We suggest the following format options for high quality uploads to Play Movies & TV. Please note that if you are already delivering a previously approved format, your workflow may not need to change. Please consult your partner operations contact to determine which format is best for you. For more info, please read Delivering 4K content, below.
These specs differ from the High Quality Specs for YouTube User-Generated Content. Please contact your partner operations contact with any questions about these differences.

UHD HDR/SDR Parameters 

Resolutions 3840x2160 (16:9 content or 16:9 with letterboxing per matting guidelines below)
Pixel aspect ratio Pixel Aspect Ratio of 1:1 (square pixels)
Frame rates 23.976, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 47.95, 48, 50, 59.94, 60

Native frame rate only. Content containing duplicate or telecined frames will be rejected. Mixed content will be considered on a case-by-case basis – please contact your partner operations contact.

Matting 16:9 frame size delivered with letterboxing will be accepted. If content contains pillarboxing (black on left and right), windowboxing (black on all sides), or is 4:3 or 1.43:1 LTBX, the content should be cropped to active pixel area only.

4K HDR/SDR Format Options

UHD SDR Profile

Video Profile

Attribute Specification
Codec Apple ProRes 422 HQ
Containers QuickTime (.mov)
Bit depth 10 bit
Color primaries BT.709 / BT.1886
Transfer characteristics BT.709 / BT.1886
Matrix coefficients BT.709 / BT.1886
Scan Type Progressive

Audio Profile

Attribute Specification
Codec PCM, 16 or 24 bit, at least 48kHz
Option 1 (5.1 + Stereo) – Preferred

Track 1: L R C LFE Ls Rs
Track 2: Lt Rt

Option 2 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L
Track 2: R
Track 3: C
Track 4: LFE
Track 5: Ls
Track 6: Rs
Track 7: Lt
Track 8: Rt

Option 3 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L
Track 2: R
Track 3: C
Track 4: LFE
Track 5: Ls
Track 6: Rs
Track 7: Lt Rt

 

Option 4 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L R C LFE Ls Rs
Track 2: Lt
Track 3: Rt

Option 5 (Stereo Only) Track 1: Lt
Track 2: Rt
Option 6 (Stereo Only) Track 1: Lt Rt

 

Note on audio channel assignments for Audio Profile - 4K SDR

Channel assignments must be set in the file metadata. Channel assignments in ProRes .mov files can easily be set after export/transcode using QuickTime 7 Pro. "Mono" is not an acceptable channel assignment. For content that is truly 2-channel mono, please assign channels as "Left" and "Right". Channels that are not assigned correctly may result in delays in publishing or in your asset being rejected. Assignments of "Left" (L) and "Right" (R) can be used instead of "Left Total" (LT) and "Right Total" (RT) in stereo tracks.

UHD HDR Profile

Content Upload

HDR Video Master should not contain any audio tracks.

Google Play Movies & TV requires that any 4K HDR content provided is delivered with a 4K SDR version accompanying. HDR and SDR versions should be the identical cut/edit, frame rate and duration with 100% frame accuracy, so that ancillary assets such as closed captions and audio will sync with both. Audio from SDR Master will be used with both SDR and HDR video. 4K content that is not mastered as HDR can be delivered as a single SDR deliverable. HDR Trailers are not supported at this time.

It is Google’s Preference to receive content that is truly 4K, however content that has been up-res’d from a 2K DI will also be accepted.

Video Profile

Attribute Specification
Codec Apple ProRes 4444 XQ or ProRes 4444 **ProRes 422 HQ accepted if studio cannot provide 444 master
Containers QuickTime (.mov)
Bit depth 10 bit or 12 bit (If HDR master is also Dolby Vision base layer, bit depth should be 12 bit)
Color primaries BT.2020
Transfer characteristics PQ / SMPTE2084
Matrix coefficients BT.2020 non-constant
Scan type Progressive
Notes *Officially licensed Apple ProRes encoder must be used.
**Edit lists are not allowed as they cause the file to not transcode correctly and/or loss of A/V sync.

Additional Video Metadata - UHD HDR

SMPTE ST 2086 Mastering Display Color Volume Metadata (Content-Specific)

Excerpt from High-Dynamic-Range-HDR-Ecosystem.pdf:

SMPTE ST2086 “Mastering Display Color Volume Metadata supporting High Luminance and
Wide Color Gamut Images” will be used to describe the capabilities of the display used to master
the content, which includes the CIE (x,y) chromaticity coordinates of the RGB Primaries and
White Point of the mastering display, in addition to the minimum and maximum luminance of the
mastering display. If traditional mastering practices are followed during content creation, the
range of colors and luminance values encoded in the mastered video signal will be limited to the
range of colors and luminance values that can be shown on the mastering display. ST2086 may
be included in the encoded stream for both SDR and HDR contents.

SMPTE ST2086 should be embedded in the MDCV atom of the MOV container.

"max-cll" and "max-fall"

Also to be included in metadata are "max-cll" and "max-fall" which correspond to the maximum content light level and maximum frame average light level in cd/m^2 (nits) in the video. If Max-CLL / Max-FALL are not calculated, please provide a value of "0" signifying unknown.  Max CLL and Max FALL values should be integers only.

UHD Dolby Vision Format Options (NextGen Only)

Dolby Vision profile

Dolby Vision Metadata should be provided as a sidecar XML file that references a UHD HDR base video

Dolby Vision Metadata can utilize its own master or the HDR base layer depending on studio intent.

Video profile

Dolby Vision Video Master should not contain any audio tracks.

Attribute

Specification

Codec

Apple ProRes 4444 XQ

Containers

QuickTime (.mov)

Bit Depth

12 bit

Color primaries

BT.2020

Transfer characteristics

PQ / SMPTE2084

Matrix coefficients

BT.2020 non-constant

Scan Type

Progressive

Delivering 4K content

The process of delivering 4K content is slightly different compared to HD and SD deliveries. This section will guide you through this process.

An SDR asset is expected for every 4K delivery if:

  • If the content does not have an HDR master, then the SDR is acceptable as single deliverable.
  • If the content does have an HDR master, the SDR asset is still required as part of that package.

True 4K content is preferred, however Google will accept up-res content from 2K. Learn more about general and additional delivery requirements here.

IMPORTANT: All UHD content should be delivered to Google no less than 2 weeks before avail start date to ensure proper time for processing, reviews and publishing.

HD Common Parameters (apply to all 3 format options below)

Resolutions 1920x1080 (16:9 content or 16:9 with letterboxing per matting guidelines below)
1440x1080 (4:3 content only)
1280x720 (16:9 content or 16:9 with letterboxing per matting guidelines below)
960x720 (4:3)
Pixel Aspect Ratio Pixel Aspect Ratio of 1:1 (square pixels)
Frame Rates 23.976, 24, 25, 29.97, 30

Native frame rate only. Content containing duplicate or telecined frames will be rejected. Mixed content will be considered on a case-by-case basis -- please contact your partner operations contact.

Matting 16:9 frame size delivered with letterboxing will be accepted. If content contains pillarboxing (black on left and right), windowboxing (black on all sides), or is 4:3 LTBX, the content should be cropped to active pixel area only.

SD Common Parameters (apply to all 3 format options below)

Resolutions 4x3 - 720x480, 720x576, 768x576 (square pixels), 640x480 (square pixels)

16x9 - 720x480 (NTSC 16x9 with anamorphic flag set), 720x576 (PAL 16x9 with anamorphic flag set), 1024x576 (square pixels), 854x480 (square pixels)

*720x404 will be accepted but may result in lower quality outputs

Content should be delivered in its Original Aspect Ratio.
Pixel Aspect Ratio Aspect Ratio flag and/or "pasp" atom (for .mov files) must be set to correct aspect ratio (4:3, 16:9 or 1:1 for square pixels)
Frame Rates 23.976, 24, 25, 29.97, 30

Native frame rate only. Content containing duplicate or telecined frames will be rejected. Mixed content will be considered on a case-by-case basis -- please contact your partner operations contact.

Matting 16:9 frame size delivered with letterboxing will be accepted. If content contains pillarboxing (black on left and right), windowboxing (black on all sides), or is 4:3 LTBX, then content should be cropped to active pixel area only.

HD/SD Format Options

Option 1 - ProRes 422 HQ

Video Profile

Attribute Specification
Codec Apple ProRes 422 HQ
Color Space HD - ITU-R BT.709
SD - ITU-R BT.601
Bitrate HD - Variable Bitrate, expected ~110 Mbps
SD - Variable Bitrate, expected ~40-60 Mbps
Scan Type 23.976, 24, 25 - Progressive
29.97 - Interlaced or Progressive
Notes Edit lists are not allowed as these cause the file not to transcode correctly and/or loss of A/V sync.

Audio Profile

Attribute Specification
Codec PCM, 16 or 24 bit, at least 48kHz
Option 1 (5.1 + Stereo) – Preferred

Track 1: L R C LFE Ls Rs
Track 2: Lt Rt

Option 2 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L
Track 2: R
Track 3: C
Track 4: LFE
Track 5: Ls
Track 6: Rs
Track 7: Lt
Track 8: Rt

Option 3 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L
Track 2: R
Track 3: C
Track 4: LFE
Track 5: Ls
Track 6: Rs
Track 7: Lt Rt

 

Option 4 (5.1 + Stereo)

Track 1: L R C LFE Ls Rs
Track 2: Lt
Track 3: Rt

Option 5 (Stereo Only) Track 1: Lt
Track 2: Rt
Option 6 (Stereo Only) Track 1: Lt Rt

Note on audio channel assignments

Channel assignments must be set in the file metadata. Channel assignments in ProRes .mov files can easily be set after export/transcode using QuickTime 7 Pro. "Mono" is not an acceptable channel assignment. For content that is truly 2-channel mono, please assign channels as "Left" and "Right." Channels that are not assigned correctly may result in delays in publishing or in your asset being rejected. Assignments of "Left" (L) and "Right" (R) can be used instead of "Left Total" (LT) and "Right Total" (RT) in stereo tracks.

ProRes Content Eligibility

Due to the additional processing time required to process large ProRes files, only certain types of content can be accepted as ProRes at this time.

Supported

  • TV - Library/Back Catalog TV, Next Day TV
  • Movies - New Release movies delivered more than 2 weeks prior to avail start date and Library/Back Catalog movies

Not Currently Supported

  • Movies - New Release movies delivered less than 2 weeks prior to avail start date
Option 2 - H.264 Codec

Video Profile

Attribute Specification
Containers .mp4
.mov
Codec H.264
Profile Hi422P
Bitrate SD (fewer than 720 lines) - 15 Mbps
720 lines - 50 Mbps
1080 lines - 60 Mbps
Scan type Progressive
  • Native frame rate content should be deinterlaced.
  • Telecined content should be inverse telecined to original frame rate.

Note: Content with blended frames or interlacing artifacts will be rejected.

GOP Structure IBBP (M=3, GOP Length not to exceed ½ of frame rate)
Color Space 4:2:2 (preferred)
If 4:2:2 color space is not available, please use 4:2:0
Notes Edit lists are not allowed as these cause loss of A/V sync.

moov atom must be present and at the front of the file.

Audio Profile

Attribute Specification
Audio Codec PCM (preferred)
AAC-LC
Audio Bitrate >192 Kbps for Stereo
>384 Kbps for 5.1
Audio Sample Rate 48kHz
Audio Configuration PCM
Stereo
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)
Stereo + 5.1
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)
  • Stream 2 (L/R/C/LFE/Ls/Rs)
 
AAC-LC
Stereo
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)
Stereo + 5.1
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)
  • Stream 2 (C/L/R/Ls/Rs/LFE)
Option 3 - MPEG-2 Transport Stream

Video Profile

Attribute Specification
Containers MPEG-2 Transport Stream (.mpg, .mpeg, .ts)
Codec MPEG-2
Profile SD: 422P@ML
HD: 422P@HL
Bitrate SD (fewer than 720 lines): 50Mbps
HD (720 lines or higher): 80Mbps
Scan type Progressive
  • Native frame rate content should be deinterlaced.
  • Telecined content should be inverse telecined to original frame rate.

Note: Content with blended frames or interlacing artifacts will be rejected.

GOP Structure IBBP (M=3, GOP Length not to exceed ½ of frame rate)
Color Space 4:2:2 (preferred)
If 4:2:2 color space is not available, please use 4:2:0.

Audio Profile

Attribute Specification
Audio Codec s302m
MP2
MPEG-1 Layer 2
Audio Bitrate >192 Kbps for Stereo
>384 Kbps for 5.1
Audio Sample Rate 48kHz
Audio Configuration s302m
Stereo:
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)
5.1 + Stereo:
  • Stream 1 (L/R/C/LFE/Ls/Rs/Lt/Rt)
 
MP2 and MPEG-1 Layer 2 (Stereo Only)
Stereo:
  • Stream 1 (Lt/Rt)

 

Was this helpful?
How can we improve it?