Keyboard shortcuts for Gmail

Save time navigating in Gmail by using keyboard shortcuts.

Note: To learn how to customize keyboard shortcuts like in Outlook, visit section 2.6 of the Learning Center.

Turn on keyboard shortcuts

Some keyboard shortcuts only work if you've turned them on.

Note: Keyboard shortcuts aren't supported on all keyboards.

  1. On a computer, go to Gmail.
  2. In the top right, click Settings Settings.
  3. Click Settings.
  4. Scroll down to the "Keyboard shortcuts" section.
  5. Select Keyboard shortcuts on.
  6. At the bottom of the page, click Save Changes.

Shortcuts you can use

You can use keyboard shortcuts to navigate your inbox and messages, format text, and complete actions like archiving and deleting.

To see a complete list of keyboard shortcuts, including which need to be turned on, type ? when you have Gmail open.

Note: Keyboard shortcuts work differently on PC and Mac computers. On PCs, you'll use Ctrl instead of .

Compose & chat
Action Shortcut
Previous message in an open conversation p
Next message in an open conversation n
Focus main window Shift + Esc
Focus latest chat or compose Esc
Advance to the next chat or compose Ctrl + .
Advance to previous chat or compose Ctrl + ,
Send /Ctrl + Enter
Add cc recipients /Ctrl + Shift + c
Add bcc recipients /Ctrl + Shift + b
Access custom from /Ctrl + Shift + f
Insert a link /Ctrl + k
Go to next misspelled word (Mac only)  + ;
Open spelling suggestions /Ctrl + m
Formatting text
Action Shortcut
Previous font /Ctrl + Shift + 5
Next font /Ctrl + Shift + 6
Decrease text size /Ctrl + Shift + -
Increase text size /Ctrl + Shift and +
Bold /Ctrl + b
Italics /Ctrl + i
Underline /Ctrl + u
Numbered list /Ctrl + Shift + 7
Bulleted list /Ctrl + Shift + 8
Quote /Ctrl + Shift + 9
Indent less /Ctrl + [
Indent more /Ctrl + ]
Align left /Ctrl + Shift + l
Align center /Ctrl + Shift + e
Align right /Ctrl + Shift + r
Remove formatting /Ctrl + \
Actions

Note: These shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Move focus to toolbar ,
Select conversation x
Toggle star/rotate among superstars s
Archive e
Mute conversation m
Report as spam !
Delete #
Reply r
Reply in a new window Shift + r
Reply all a
Reply all in a new window Shift + a
Forward f
Forward in a new window Shift + f
Update conversation Shift + n
Archive conversation and go previous/next ] or [
Undo last action z
Mark as read Shift + i
Mark as unread Shift + u
Mark unread from the selected message _
Mark as important + or =
Mark as not important -
Snooze

Note: This shortcut isn't available in classic Gmail.

b
Expand entire conversation ;
Collapse entire conversation :
Add conversation to Tasks Shift + t
Hangouts

Note: These keyboard shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Show menu h + m
Show archived hangouts h + a
Show Hangout requests h + i
Focus on the conversation list h + c
Open phone g + p or h + p
Jumping

Note: These keyboard shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Go to Inbox g + i
Go to Starred conversations g + s
Go to Sent messages g + t
Go to Drafts g + d
Go to All mail g + a

Switch between the Calendar/Keep/Tasks sidebar and your inbox.

Note: This shortcut isn't available in classic Gmail.

/Ctrl Alt , 

and

⌘/Ctrl Alt + .

Go to Tasks g + k
Go to label g + l
Threadlist selection

Note: These keyboard shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Select all conversations * + a
Deselect all conversations * + n
Select read conversations * + r
Select unread conversations * + u
Select starred conversations * + s
Select unstarred conversations * + t
Navigation

Note: These keyboard shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Back to threadlist u
Newer conversation k
Older conversation j
Open conversation o or Enter
Go to next Inbox section `
Go to previous Inbox section ~
Application

Note: These keyboard shortcuts won't work unless keyboard shortcuts are turned on.

Action Shortcut
Compose c
Compose in a new tab d
Search mail /
Search chat contacts g
Open "more actions" menu .
Open "move to" menu v
Open "label as" menu l
Open keyboard shortcut help ?

Customize keyboard shortcuts

Step 1: Turn on custom keyboard shortcuts

  1. On your computer, go to Gmail.
  2. At the top right, click Settings Settings and then Settings
  3. Click Advanced
  4. Next to “Custom keyboard shortcuts,” click Enable.
  5. At the bottom, click Save Changes.

Step 2: Change your keyboard shortcuts

  1. On your computer, go to Gmail.
  2. At the top right, click Settings Settings and then Settings
  3. At the top, click Keyboard Shortcuts.
  4. Next to the action, type the keyboard key to make a new shortcut.
  5. At the bottom, click Save Changes.

Note: One key can refer to only one action.

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