Nest thermostat compatibility with multi-speed fans


This article applies to the following Google Nest thermostats models in the US and Canada:

Nest Thermostat E

Nest thermostat e cooling

Nest Learning Thermostat

Nest thermostat gen 3 cooling

How to tell which thermostat you have


Most systems have a simple single speed fan. They can be either on or off. But in rare cases, a system's fan speed can be controlled by a thermostat. This lets you change how much air the fan pushes through your system’s vents to warm or cool your home.

  • The Nest Learning Thermostat is compatible with system fans that have one, two, or three speeds.
  • The Google Nest Thermostat E is only compatible with single speed system fans.
  • Variable speed fans, high voltage forced air systems with fans, and proprietary systems with fans, aren't compatible with either the Nest Learning Thermostat or the Nest Thermostat E.

Multi-speed systems and the Nest Learning Thermostat

The Nest Learning Thermostat is compatible with most systems that have a single 24 volt fan wire. The most common labels for these wires are G or G1. Use our compatibility checker to help determine if you can install a Nest thermostat in your home.

If your system has more than one fan wire, a professional installer may need to install your Nest thermostat. Some systems that need to be installed by a a professional include systems with G2, G3, GM, or GH wires. To get a professional to help install and set up your Nest products, contact our installation partner, OnTech.

Important: Installing a Nest Learning Thermostat to control a multi-speed fan can be complicated, and incorrect settings can damage your system, your Nest thermostat or both. We strongly recommend professional installation for all multi-speed fan systems with more than one fan wire. Your system will need to be controlled with 24 volt wires and your Nest thermostat must have software version 5.6 or later.

How the Nest Learning Thermostat works with multi-speed fans

Your thermostat will work a little differently if you have a single fan wire or if you have several.

If you have a multi-speed fan with a single 24 volt wire, the speed of your fan is not controlled by your thermostat. Instead your fan’s speed is programmed into the HVAC equipment’s control board. This means you’ll be able to use your Nest Learning Thermostat to adjust the temperature and turn your fan on or off, but you won’t be able to control your fan speed.

If you have more than one fan wire installed, your Nest Learning Thermostat will determine your fan speed automatically, or you can select a speed in your settings menu.

How to control your fan with the Nest Learning Thermostat


Was this helpful?
How can we improve it?