Why carbon monoxide (CO) alarms don’t need to be installed near the floor

There’s a myth that carbon monoxide alarms should be installed lower on the wall because carbon monoxide is heavier than air. In fact, carbon monoxide is slightly lighter than air and diffuses evenly throughout the room.

According to carbon monoxide experts, carbon monoxide alarms should be located outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms, and each alarm should be installed on the wall, ceiling or other location as specified by the alarm’s instruction manual.

Why CO alarms are often installed near the floor

Standalone carbon monoxide alarms are often placed low on the wall because they need to be plugged into an outlet that’s near the floor. CO alarms can also have a screen that shows the CO level and needs to be at a height where it’s easy to read.

Why you shouldn’t install a CO alarm near heating or cooking appliances

Also keep in mind not to install carbon monoxide detectors directly above or beside fuel-burning appliances, as appliances may emit a small amount of carbon monoxide upon start-up. A carbon monoxide detector should not be placed within three meters of heating or cooking appliances or in or near very humid areas such as bathrooms.

For more information about carbon monoxide safety, visit the National Fire Protection Association.

Was this helpful?
How can we improve it?