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Glossary of terms

A

Access Point

A device that provides either a wired or wireless connection to the Internet.

Account

A way to store information about your identity, your location, and your contact information for all of the Google services that you use.

B

Build-Out

The act of connecting all Google Fiber customers within a fiberhood to the Google Fiber network.

C

Conduit

Protective tubing installed to protect fiber cables.

D

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A network protocol used to configure devices that are connected to a network (known as hosts), so they can communicate on that network using the Internet Protocol (IP).

DVR

Digital Video Recorder. The service offered as part of Google Fiber for recording and playing back TV shows.

E

EPG

Electronic Program Guide. The on-screen schedule of TV or other programs.

F

Fiber Drop

The fiber cable between the network access point to the NIU.

Fiber Jack

The device inside the home that connects the fiber coming into the home to Ethernet for connection to the Network Box and the home network. Also known as an optical network terminal (ONT) that converts gigabit symmetric fiber optic signals to gigabit Ethernet.

Fiberhood

Section of a city loosely based on neighborhoods within that city where Google Fiber is or can be installed.

H

HOA

Homeowners' Association. A group that manages an MDU that consists of a representative from each residence in that MDU.

I

IPv6

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the language that computers use to communicate with each other on the Internet; it works much like phone numbers, which let us connect one telephone to another.

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the new version of the Internet Protocol. The addresses used by the current version of the Internet Protocol, IPv4, are nearly all used. At Google, we believe that IPv6 is essential to the continued health and openness of the Internet – and that by allowing all devices to talk to each other directly, the launch of IPv6 will enable future innovation and growth for the Internet.

Refer to Internet Protocol version 6 for a great explanation of IPv6.

ISP

Internet Service Provider. A company that provides access to the Internet and other Internet-based services.

L

LAN

A group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link.

M

MDU

Multi-family Dwelling Unit. Premises that contain multiple residences, such as an apartment building or condo complex. Sometimes units in a multi-family residential building are condominiums, where the units are typically owned individually, rather than leased from a single apartment building owner.

N

Network Box

The Google Fiber router or gateway in the residence.

NIU

Network Interface Unit. Box on the side of a home or building where the Fiber Drop connects to the home.

S

SAP

Second Audio Program. SAP allows you to select a language other than English for audio broadcasts, when available. So when you watch TV shows that support SAP in the language you selected, the audio feed is in the second language.

SSID

Service Set IDentifier. The name of a wireless local area network (WLAN). All wireless devices on a WLAN must use the same SSID in order to communicate directly with each other.

Storage Box

The central storage device for all content that you record from all of your Google Fiber TV Boxes.

Storage device

The central storage device for all content that you record from all of your Google Fiber TV Boxes.

T

TV Box

The device attached to each of your TVs that transmits the video services to the TV.

W

WAN

Wide Area Network. A network that covers a broad area, such as the Internet itself.

WEP

Wired Equivalent Privacy. A security protocol for wireless local area networks (WLANs) defined in the 802.11b standard. WEP is designed to provide the same level of security as a wired LAN (legacy option; not recommended).

WLAN

Wireless Local Area Network. A LAN on which a mobile user can connect through a wireless connection.

WPA

Wi-Fi Protected Access. A Wi-Fi standard that was designed to improve the security features of WEP (legacy option; not recommended).

WPA2

The recommended Wi-Fi security mode; replaced WPA, once again improving its security features.

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