Waterfall charts

Use a waterfall chart to show how values add or subtract from a starting value. For example, show monthly net cash flow or quarterly budget changes.

Learn how to add & edit a chart.

How to format your data

  • First column: Enter a label for each row. Labels from the first column show on the horizontal axis.
  • Other columns: Enter numeric data. You can also add a category name (optional).
  • Rows: Each row represents a different bar on the chart.

If you enter 2 or more columns of numeric data, you can choose to see the data sequentially or stack it.

Tip: If the chart doesn’t show the data on the axis you want, learn how to switch rows and columns.


Annual revenue
Year Revenue
2013 $11,690
2014 -$2,350
2015 $15,467
2016 -$2,000
2017 $19,560
2018 -$5,970
Waterfall chart showing annual revenue

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Quarterly income & expenses
Quarterly income & expenses  
Income $220,000
Wages -$87,500
Cost of production -$55,000
Taxes / fees -$33,000
Waterfall chart showing quarterly revenue and expenses

Make a copy

Customize a waterfall chart

  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Double-click the chart you want to change.
  3. At the right, click Customize.
  4. Choose an option:
    • Chart style: Change how the chart looks, or add and edit connector lines.
    • Chart & axis titles: Edit or format title text.
    • Series: Change column colors, add and edit subtotals and data labels.
    • Legend: Change legend position and text.
    • Horizontal axis: Edit or format axis text, or reverse axis order.
    • Vertical axis: Edit or format axis text, set min or max value, or log scale.
    • Gridlines: Add and edit gridlines.

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