# STDEV

The STDEV function calculates the standard deviation based on a sample.

### Sample usage

`STDEV(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)`

`STDEV(A2:A100)`

### Syntax

`STDEV(value1, [value2, …])`

• `value1` – The first value or range of the sample.

• `value2, …`[ OPTIONAL ] – Additional values or ranges to include in the sample.

### Notes

• Although `STDEV` is specified as taking a maximum of 30 arguments, Google Sheets supports an arbitrary number of arguments for this function.

• If the total number of values supplied as `value` arguments is not at least two, STDEV will return the #DIV/0! error.

• `STDEV` will return an error if any of the value arguments include text. If any of the `value` arguments reference a cell that contains text, those cells will be ignored. To calculate the standard deviation while interpreting text values as `0`, use `STDEVA`.

• `STDEV` calculates the standard deviation for a sample. To calculate the standard deviation across an entire population, use `STDEVP`.

• `STDEV` is equivalent to the square root of the variance, or SQRT(VAR(…)) using the same dataset.

`VARPA`: Calculates the variance based on an entire population, setting text to the value '0'.

`VARP`: Calculates the variance based on an entire population.

`VARA`: Calculates the variance based on a sample, setting text to the value '0'.

`VAR`: Calculates the variance based on a sample.

`STDEVPA`: Calculates the standard deviation based on an entire population, setting text to the value '0'.

`STDEVP`: Calculates the standard deviation based on an entire population.

`STDEVA`: Calculates the standard deviation based on a sample, setting text to the value `0`.

`SKEW`: Calculates the skewness of a data set, which describes the symmetry of that data set about the mean.

`KURT`: Calculates the kurtosis of a data set, which describes the shape and in particular the 'peakedness' of that data set.

`DVARP`: Returns the variance of an entire population selected from a database table-like array or range using an SQL-like query.

`DVAR`: Returns the variance of a population sample selected from a database table-like array or range using an SQL-like query.

`DSTDEVP`: Returns the standard deviation of an entire population selected from a database table-like array or range using an SQL-like query.

`DSTDEV`: Returns the standard deviation of a population sample selected from a database table-like array or range using an SQL-like query.

`DEVSQ`: Calculates the sum of squares of deviations based on a sample.

`AVEDEV`: Calculates the average of the magnitude of deviations of data from a data set's mean.