Returns a conditional count across a range.

COUNTIF Function

To get an example spreadsheet and follow along with the video, click “Make a Copy” below.

Make a copy

Sample Usage




COUNTIF(range, criterion)

  • range - The range that is tested against criterion.

  • criterion - The pattern or test to apply to range.

    • If range contains text to check against, criterion must be a string. criterion can contain wildcards including ? to match any single character or * to match zero or more contiguous characters. To match an actual question mark or asterisk, prefix the character with the tilde (~) character (i.e. ~? and ~*). A string criterion must be enclosed in quotation marks. Each cell in range is then checked against criterion for equality (or match, if wildcards are used).

    • If range contains numbers to check against, criterion may be either a string or a number. If a number is provided, each cell in range is checked for equality with criterion. Otherwise, criterion may be a string containing a number (which also checks for equality), or a number prefixed with any of the following operators: =, >, >=, <, or <=, which check whether the range cell is equal to, greater than, greater than or equal to, less than, or less than or equal to the criterion value, respectively.


  • COUNTIF can only perform conditional counts with a single criterion. To use multiple criteria, use COUNTIFS or the database functions DCOUNT or DCOUNTA.
  • COUNTIF is not case sensitive.


Make a copy

See Also

COUNTIFS: Returns the count of a range depending on multiple criteria.

SUMIF: Returns a conditional sum across a range.

DCOUNTA: Counts values, including text, selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

DCOUNT: Counts numeric values selected from a database table-like array or range using a SQL-like query.

COUNTUNIQUE: Counts the number of unique values in a list of specified values and ranges.

COUNTA: Returns the number of values in a dataset.

COUNTBLANK: Returns the number of empty cells in a given range.

COUNT: Returns the number of numeric values in a dataset.




Was this helpful?
How can we improve it?
Clear search
Close search
Google apps
Main menu
Search Help Center