OFFSET

Returns a range reference shifted a specified number of rows and columns from a starting cell reference.

Sample Usage

OFFSET(A2,3,4,2,2)

OFFSET(A2,1,1)

Syntax

OFFSET(cell_reference, offset_rows, offset_columns, [height], [width])

  • cell_reference - The starting point from which to count the offset rows and columns.

  • offset_rows - The number of rows to shift by.

    • offset_rows must be an integer, but may be negative. If a decimal value is provided, the decimal part will be truncated.
  • offset_columns - The number of columns to shift by.

    • offset_columns must be an integer, but may be negative. If a decimal value is provided, the decimal part will be truncated.
  • height - [ OPTIONAL ] - The height of the range to return starting at the offset target.

  • width - [ OPTIONAL ] - The width of the range to return starting at the offset target.

Notes

  • If offset_rows or offset_columns is negative, it is possible for the offset target to to be outside the upper or left edge of the spreadsheet. If this occurs, the #REF! error will be returned.

  • If OFFSET is used as an array formula, it is possible for the value returned by the array formula to overwrite part of the offset target, causing a circular reference. If this occurs, the #REF! error will be returned.

Examples

Returns the value of a cell offset by a certain number of rows and columns from a given reference point.

Was this article helpful?
How can we improve it?