Returns a date that is a specified number of months before or after another date.

Sample usage

EDATE(DATE(1969,7,20), 1)

EDATE(A2, 1)

EDATE(40909, -2)


EDATE(start_date, months)

  • start_date – The date from which to calculate the result.

  • months – The number of months before (negative) or after (positive) start_date to calculate.


  • Make sure that the start_date input to the function is either a reference to a cell containing a date, a function which returns a date object such as DATE, DATEVALUE or TO_DATE, or a date serial number of the type returned by the N function. Google Sheets represents dates and times as numbers; while conversion is automatic when a human-readable date is entered into a cell, functions only accept literal dates in numeric format.

  • EDATE does not auto-convert number formats in the same way as Google Sheets does upon direct entry into cells. Therefore, EDATE(10/10/2000,1) is interpreted as EDATE(0.005,1), the quotient of 10 divided by 10 divided by 2000.

  • Non-integer arguments to months will have their decimal components truncated. Therefore, EDATE(A2,2.6) is equivalent to EDATE(A2,2).

See also

TO_DATE: Converts a provided number into a date.

N: Returns the argument provided as a number.

EOMONTH: Returns a date representing the last day of a month which falls a specified number of months before or after another date.

DATEVALUE: Converts a provided date string in a known format into a date value.

DATE: Converts a year, month and day into a date.


Returns the date of the day that falls months away from the given start_date.

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