Force browser processes to close

If a tab, window or extension is not working properly, you can use the task manager in either Chrome or Windows to force it to close. Chrome uses a "multiple processes architecture", which means its processes are designed to work independently of one another. So issues in one tab shouldn’t affect the performance of other tabs or the overall responsiveness of the browser.

In many ways, the task manager is like a hospital monitor: you can use it to track the performance of its internal processes. If the browser seems to be sluggish, open the task manager to find details about each active process and close the one that seems to be using up a lot of resources.

Using Chrome’s task manager

Follow these steps to open the task manager:

  1. Click the Chrome menuChrome menu on the browser toolbar.
  2. Select Tools. If you're using a Chromebook, select More tools instead.
  3. Select Task manager.
  4. In the dialogue that appears, select the process that you want to close. You’ll find five types of processes listed:
    • Browser: This process manages all your open tabs and windows and monitors them for suspicious activity. Close this process if you want to force everything in the browser to end.
    • Renderers: Each of the tabs and apps listed represents a renderer process. Close a tab or app if it isn’t displaying properly.
    • Plug-ins: If a web page uses a special process to display rich content on its page, the process, also known as a plug-in, will be listed. Common types of plug-ins include Flash, Quicktime and Adobe Reader. Close a plug-in if you think it’s causing a page to perform slowly.
    • Extensions: Any extension that is running in the browser background will be listed.
    • GPU (Graphics Processing Unit): This process controls the way renderers display graphics.
  5. Click End process.

Note: You may see more than one Chrome process on your computer. This is because tabs, extensions and windows run separately.

Laura is a Google Chrome expert and author of this help page. Leave her feedback about the page.

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