Widget Tags for Layouts

When you're using the Layouts template to create the body section of your blog, you can use widgets to add page elements like pictures and a blogroll.

Types of tags

This section describes the HTML you can use inside of the closing tags.

Includes

When to use includes

Includes are most useful if you have a section of code that you want to re-use in several different places, or only include in certain circumstances.

To do this, write the content inside a b:includable, then use b:include wherever you want it to appear.

Format

 

<b:includable id='main' var='thiswidget'>
  [insert whatever content you want here]
</b:includable>

 

Attributes

  • id (required): A unique identifier made up of letters and numbers. Each widget must have one includable with id='main'.
  • var (optional) An identifier made up of letters and numbers, for referencing data within this section.

If you make more includables with different IDs, they won't be displayed automatically. However, if you make an includable with id='new', then you can reference it in your main includable with <b:include name='new' /> and it will display that way.

The attributes for the b:include tag are as follows:

  • name (required): An identifier made up of letters and numbers. It must match the ID of an existing b:includable in the same widget.
  • data (optional): An expression or piece of data to pass on to the includable section. This will become the value of the var attribute in the includable.
  • cond (optional) An expression which causes the include to only execute when its result is true. This is the same as the cond attribute on a b:if.

Example

Here's an example that shows how to use b:includable and b:include.

The main thing to understand here is how the "main" section includes the "post" section within it. It passes along a post that it calls "p" and the included section references it as its var "post", then prints the title.

Note that the include only runs while the index is less than 10, so only a max of 10 posts would get rendered in this example (the index starts at 0).

 

<b:includable id='main'>
  <b:loop var='p' index='index' values='posts'>
    <b:include name='post' data='p' cond='index < 10'/>
  </b:loop>
</b:includable>
<b:includable id='post' var='post'>
  Title: <data:post.title/>
</b:includable>

 

Data Output (data:)

Examples

  • <data:title/> would print out the title of a widget

  • <data:photo.url/> - Size: <data.photo.width /> x <data.photo.height /> would print attributes of a photo component. A photo may have components such as url, height, and width. Using the "." notation indicates that we want the URL for this photo, rather than a URL from something else.

See more examples

See our complete list of the layouts data tags that are supported.

 

Loops (b:loop)

When to use b:loop

The b:loop tag lets you repeat a section of content multiple times. This is most commonly used for printing out each post in a list of posts for a given page, or each comment, or each label, etc.

Format

The general format for using loops is this:

 

<b:loop var='identifier' values='set-of-data'>
  [repeated content goes here]
</b:loop>

 

The 'identifier' (i) part can be any name you choose, and will be used to stand in for each new item in the list, each time through the loop. The set of data you specify for the values can be any piece of data described in the data tags article as being a list of items.

For example, in the blog posts widget, posts is a list. Code like the following will loop through each post, printing out the title for each one, with header tags around it.

 

<b:loop var='i' values='data:posts'>
  <h2><data:i.title/></h2>
</b:loop>

 

Notice how "i" takes on the value of each post in turn, so you can get the title from each one.

Number Range

A loop tag allows you to iterate across an inclusive number range, such as ‘1 to 3', ‘-3 to -9', where the value of the variable takes the number's value. The following example would create an unordered list of 1, 2 and 3.

 

<b:loop var='i' values='1 to 3'>
  <li><data:i /></li>
</b:loop>
 

Index Attribute

Loop tags also have an optional index attribute, which gives the zero-based index of the current iteration through the loop.

 

<ul>
  <b:loop var='number' index='index' values='9 to 7'>
    <li>Index: <data:index />, Number: <data:number /></li>
  </b:loop>
</ul>

 

This example would create an unordered list of:

  • Index: 0, Number: 9
  • Index: 1, Number: 8
  • Index: 2, Number: 7
If, elseif & else

When to use if, elseif, or else

You can use the b:if, b:elseif and b:else tags to display certain content in particular cases, and other content in other cases. For example, you might only want to show certain text on the homepage, but different text when looking at individual posts.

Format

 

<b:if cond='condition'>
  [content to display if condition is true]
<b:elseif cond='another condition'>
  [content to display if no if or elseif conditions have been true yet]
<b:else/>
  [content to display if no if or elseif conditions are met]
</b:if>

 

The b:elseif and b:else tags are optional. Without them, the result will be either the content listed in the b:if section or nothing. The closing </b:if> is required in each case, however.

For "condition" you can put in anything that evaluates to either true or false. Some data tags are simply true/false values on their own, e.g. allowComments on a post. With other pieces of data, you can compare them with specific values to get a true or false. Here are some examples:

  • <b:if cond='data:post.showBacklinks'>
    True if the current post is set to show backlinks.
  • <b:if cond='data:blog.pageType == "item"'>
    True if the current page is an item page (post page).
  • <b:if cond='data:blog.pageType == "item" and data:post.showBacklinks'>
    True if the current page is an item page (post page) and the current post is set to show backlinks.
  • <b:if cond='data:displayname != "Fred"'>
    True if this is not Fred's display name.
  • <b:if cond='data:displayname == "Fred" or data:blog.pageType == "static_page"'>
    True if Fred is the display name, or the current page is a static page (not a post page).
  • <b:if cond='data:post.numComments > 1'>
    True if the current post has more than one comment.
  • <b:if cond='data:blog.pageType in {"static_page", "item"}'> OR <b:if cond='{"static_page", "item"} contains data:blog.pageType'>
    True if the current page is a specific post, or a page.
Attribute expressions (expr:)

When to use Expressions

You can use the expr attribute to set attribute values based on values in the data dictionary. 

Examples

  • <a expr:href='data:blog.homepageUrl'>Home</a>
    A home link with the blog's homepage url.
  • <a expr:href='data:blog.homepageUrl + "feeds/posts/default"'>Posts RSS</a>
    A link with the blog's post RSS feed url. The ‘+' operator concatenates the two strings.
  • <a expr:class='data:post.allowComments ? "comment" : "no-comment">Comment</a>
    A link with the class "comment" when comments are allowed, and "no-comment" when they are not. The ternary operator (?:) takes the given boolean value and picks the first value (after the ?) if the boolean is true, or the second value (after the :) if the boolean is false.

See an example

Click to see an example of how all of these tags are used in the HTML for a PageList widget in your blog.

Example

In this widget, you can see example usages of the b:widget, b:includable (and b:include), b:if (and b:else), and b:loop tags.

 

<b:widget id='PageList1' locked='false' title='Pages' type='PageList'>
  <b:includable id='main'>
    <b:if cond='data:title != ""'>
      <h2><data:title/></h2>
    </b:if>
    <div class='widget-content'>
      <b:if cond='data:mobile'>
        <select expr:id='data:widget.instanceId + "_select"'>
        <b:loop values='data:links' var='link'>
          <b:if cond='data:link.isCurrentPage'>
            <option expr:value='data:link.href' selected='selected'><data:link.title/></option>
          <b:else/>
            <option expr:value='data:link.href'><data:link.title/></option> 
          </b:if>
        </b:loop>
        </select>
        <span class='pagelist-arrow'>&amp;#9660;</span>
      <b:else/>
        <ul>
        <b:loop values='data:links' var='link'>
          <b:if cond='data:link.isCurrentPage'>
            <li class='selected'>
              <a expr:href='data:link.href'><data:link.title/></a>
            </li>
          <b:else/>
            <li>
              <a expr:href='data:link.href'><data:link.title/></a>
            </li>
          </b:if>
        </b:loop>
        </ul>
      </b:if>
      <b:include name='quickedit'/>
    </div>
  </b:includable>
</b:widget>

 

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