Below is a list of available column data types that you can use when structuring your columns.
See also: Change a column type
- Change types
- Communication types
- Content types
- Enumerated types
- Mappable types
- Numeric types
- Show types
- Temporal types
- Text types
- Other types
- Video series: Column types
In some apps, it's important to record a timestamp or increment a counter automatically in a row when changes are made to other columns, and even values within the columns. The change types provide this functionality. By default, change types automatically update when any other column value changes. However, they can be constrained to react to changes only on specific other columns. Change types can also be constrained to react to changes to certain values.
ChangeCounter: shows how many times an entry has been edited.
ChangeLocation: will automatically populate with the current GPS location (where the change was made).
ChangeTimestamp: shows when an entry was last edited.
Values of these types can be tapped to launch communication.
Phone: a phone number, giving you the option to both call and SMS text through the app. AppSheet only automatically recognizes phone numbers in North American format.
Values of these types are shown as inline content or open in an external content viewer.
Drawing: creates a drawing pad in the app.
.gifimages. The values may be image URLs or names of files in the source file system of the spreadsheet. See Display images and documents. Images are captured on the device using the camera or from the local camera roll.
Thumbnail: also models images, but instructs the app to expect small icons and thumbnails. Thumbnails are captured just like images.
Signature: a user signature. These are captured using a touch-based signature pad and are stored as small inline images in the spreadsheet.
File: any file content that can be viewed in a browser (typically used for PDF documents). Capture of files is only supported when running in a browser. In app environments, it is read-only.
.mpegvideos and YouTube videos. The values should be publicly accessible URLs of videos. The YouTube embed URL format is also supported. Capture of video is not supported.
Columns of these types are constrained to having one of a fixed list of allowed values.
Color: color code entries in your app with a subset of standard colors:
Enum: Allows the user to select a single value from a list of allowed values. See also: Drop-downs in forms
EnumList: Identical to
Enumexcept it allows the user to select multiple values from a list of allowed values. See also: Drop-downs in forms
Progress: A system-defined
Enumthat can be used to record the progress for a project. It can be assigned any one of the following values:
Three Quarters), and
The state of progress is depicted graphically using Harvey balls.
Progress Enumtype is commonly used for applications based on Smartsheet worksheets. Smartsheet worksheets support a
Progresscolumn type. When you create an AppSheet application from a Smartsheet worksheet containing a
Progresscolumn, AppSheet creates a
Progress Enumtype in your AppSheet application that corresponds with the Smartsheet
Progress Enumtype was originally added to support Smartsheet
Progresscolumns. you can include a
Progress Enumtype in any table for any data provider.
See how the
Progressfunction works in the Marketing Projects sample.
Ref: are used to create relationships between one record and another. See also: References between tables.
Yes/No:also known as a Boolean data type.
In the app, values of these types can be seen on a map.
Address: a fully-specified postal or street address.
LatLong: a latitude and longitude (such as
48.5564, -122.3421). Form fields for this data type can fill in the current location with a single click. See how location capture works in the Agriculture Inspection sample.
XY: models a location inside an image, such as a location on a custom map or schematic. XY refers to an X axis value and a Y axis value defining a position within the selected image, where 0, 0 corresponds to the top-left corner and 100, 100 the bottom-right corner. You choose the background image by providing a URL in the Background image for the XY coordinates setting of the column; this image is then used as the background for the map view when viewing XY column values. The image must be public (anyone with the link can view) for the map to be displayed.
Simple address field
You can specify a complete address in a single worksheet column.
Include the word "Address" in the column name to help AppSheet identify the address column. For example, you could name the column
Enter the complete address including the street, city, state, country and postal code values. This helps ensure the address geo-codes correctly.
You can include two or more addresses in the same worksheet. For example, your worksheet might contain a
Billing Address in one column and a
Shipping Address in another column.
Automatically-computed address field
You can store address information in AppSheet by creating adjacent columns in your worksheet and naming them appropriately. When you do this, AppSheet automatically recognizes the adjacent columns form an address.
For example, you can create adjacent columns in your worksheet, and name them
Zip. In this case, AppSheet will recognize that, taken together, these columns represent an address and it will create a
Computed Address column that concatenates the values in the component columns.
Do not specify a column name containing the word "Address" in place of "Street". AppSheet interprets any column name containing the word "Address" to mean the column contains an entire address. For example, a column name such as
Street Address or
Home Address is assumed to contain an entire address. This will prevent adjacent fields from being recognized as a multi-part address.
If you need two (or more) lines of street information, use
Street2 rather than just
You can include an apartment, suite, or unit number in your address by adding a column between
Unit. If you do this, ensure that the data values you enter in this column are legitimate apartment, suite, or unit numbers. These values are included when computing the geo-coded address. If you enter illegitimate apartment, suite, or unit number values such as "around the back" this may reduce the accuracy of the geo-coded address.
If you need to store other information with the address, such as "around the back", create a separate column following the address to contain this information. For example, you might call this column
You may use
Province in place of
You can omit
Country, but this may reduce the accuracy of the geo-coded address.
You may use
ZipCode in place of
You can include two or more addresses in the same worksheet. For example, your worksheet might contain both a
Home Address and a
Work Address. AppSheet recognizes the two addresses based upon a combination of naming and adjacency. Keep the
Home Address columns adjacent to one another and likewise for the
Work Address columns. Then name the columns to help AppSheet group them appropriately. For example, you might name the adjacent home address columns
Home Zip. You might name the adjacent work address columns
You can use this approach to include three or more addresses in your worksheet.
Manually-computed address field
You can populate an address column by manually combining the values of two or more columns.
- In your worksheet create a column and include "Address" in the column's name. For example, you might call the column
- In the app editor, add the worksheet as a table.
- Go to the Data > Column Structure tab. Ensure the
Customer Addresscolumn has a type of
- Assign the column an app formula such as
CONCATENATE([Calle], ",", [Ciudad], ",", [Estado], ",", [Pais], ",", [Postal]), where the column names in the
CONCATENATE()function represent the names of the street, city, state, country, and postal code columns.
Values of these types can be graphed and used in mathematical operations.
Decimal: a real number; a number with a fractional component; a floating-point number.
Number: a whole number; an integer. Internally, the value is stored as a 54-bit integer, allowing a range of -2^53 to 2^53.
Decimalvalue representing a percentage. 0% is stored as
0.00; 100% is stored as
Decimalrepresenting a currency value.
Show types are empty columns in your spreadsheet that serve the sole purpose of improving the presentation of data capture forms and detail views. For more information, see Improve the presentation of detail and form views using Show types.
Showtype columns are only permitted in form views. To include
Showtype columns in detail views, enable Include Show columns in detail views on the UX > Options pane in the Detail View section.
These values are shown using the timezone and presentation format of the user's device.
Date: a specific year, month, and day.
DateTime: a specific year, month, day, hour, minute, and second.
Duration: a period of time as a number of hours, minutes, and seconds.
Time: a specific hour, minute, and second without regard to the date.
LongText: one or more lines of text.
Textvalue representing the name of a person or place.
Text: a single line of text.
URL: a web address. There are two parts to a URL value: a hyperlink address like
http://en.wikipedia.organd an optional hyperlink text like
Click here to visit Wikipedia. If you wish to specify the hyperlink text value of the URL field, set its Content property to a fully qualified URL in the Data > Columns tab of the Editor. To set its display text, change the expression for the Display on the attribute.
App: navigate to another AppSheet app or to navigate to a different view in the current app
MultiColumnKey: a composite field representing the combination of multiple fields for the purpose of a key.
Column Types Video Part 1: Text, Numeric, Temporal, Communication, and System Types
Column Types Video Part 2: Change Types
Column Types Video Part 3: Geographic Types
Column Types Video Part 4: Content Types (except 'Show')
Column Types Video Part 5: Enumerated (Enum Types)
Column Types Video Part 6: Show Types