Choose a geographic location for your data

This feature is available with G Suite Business and Enterprise editions, Enterprise for Education, or Drive Enterprise edition. Compare editions

As an administrator, you can choose to store your covered data in a specific geographic location (the United States or Europe) by using a data region policy.

For more information about the types of data covered, see What data is covered by a data region policy?

Consider the tradeoffs before setting a data region policy

Selecting a specific region doesn't provide performance improvements or fine-tuning for your network or data access. Take the following factors into consideration before making your decision:

  • Users outside the region where their data is located might experience higher latency in some cases. This could happen while: 

    • Editing shared objects in real time across regions​

    • Sharing files, such as documents, with someone outside the user's region

    • Traveling internationally

  • In rare cases, when a data region has been selected, users outside that region might lose access to the data due to events beyond Google’s control (for example, natural disasters).

Set the organizational structure

Skip this step if you want to choose only one data region for all of your users.

You can choose one data region for some of your users, or different data regions for specific departments or teams. Place your users in organizational units or groups, and then apply a data region policy. 
Learn more at Configure service settings with groups.

Set a data region policy

Typically, you first apply general policies to your organizational units, and then apply exceptions to groups of users. A user’s group settings override their organizational unit settings.

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using your administrator account (does not end in

  2. From the Admin console Home page, go to Company profileand thenProfile.
  3. Click Show more.
  4. Click Data regions. (This option appears only if your license includes Data regions.)
  5. Take one of the following actions:
    • At the left, select the organizational unit you’re storing data for.
    • To apply the setting to everyone, select the top-level organizational unit.
  6. Select one of the following options:
    • No preference
    • United States
    • Europe
  7. To continue, click Save. Otherwise, click Discard.
  8. (Optional) To apply data regions to a group of users, follow the steps in Configure service settings with groups.

View data regions progress

You may have to wait 24 to 48 hours after you set the data region policy before you can view the progress of the data move.

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using your administrator account (does not end in

  2. From the Admin console homepage, go to Dashboard.
  3. Scroll to Info cards at the bottom.

In the Summary card, you can view the overall progress of the data move at a domain-wide level and also by region. You can view the progress of data moves for individual services by region in the United States and Europe cards. For more details on move progress reporting, see View move progress.

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