Choose a geographic location for your data

This feature is available with G Suite Business and Enterprise editions, Enterprise for Education, or Drive Enterprise edition. Compare editions

As an administrator, you can choose to store your covered data in a specific geographic location (the United States or Europe) by using a data region policy.

For more information about the types of data covered, see What data is covered by a data region policy?

Supported editions

You can apply Data region policies only to users who have one of these editions:

  • G Suite Business
  • G Suite Enterprise
  • G Suite Enterprise for Education
  • Drive Enterprise

Users who don't have one of these supported editions aren't covered by Data region policies—even if you apply a Data region policy to their organizational unit.

Consider the tradeoffs before setting a data region policy

Selecting a specific region doesn't provide performance improvements or fine-tuning for your network or data access. Take the following factors into consideration before making your decision:

  • Users outside the region where their data is located might experience higher latency in some cases. This could happen while: 

    • Editing shared objects in real time across regions​

    • Sharing files, such as documents, with someone outside the user's region

    • Traveling internationally

  • In rare cases, when a data region has been selected, users outside that region might lose access to the data due to events beyond Google’s control (for example, natural disasters).

Set the organizational structure

Skip this step if you want to choose only one data region for all of your users.

You can choose one data region for some of your users, or different data regions for specific departments or teams. Put their user accounts in an organizational unit (to set by department) or put them in a configuration group (to set for users across or within departments).

Set a data region policy

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using an account with super administrator privileges (does not end in @gmail.com).

  2. You must be signed in as a super administrator for this task.
    From the Admin console Home page, go to Company profileand thenData regions.
    This option appears only if your user license includes Data regions. 

  3. To apply the data region to everyone, leave the top organizational unit selected. Otherwise, select a organizational unit or a configuration group.
  4. Select one of the following options:
    • No preference
    • United States
    • Europe
  5. Click Save. If you configured an organizational unit or group, you might be able to Inherit/Override an organization or Unset a group.

View data regions progress

You may have to wait 24 to 48 hours after you set the data region policy before you can view the progress of the data move.

  1. Sign in to your Google Admin console.

    Sign in using your administrator account (does not end in @gmail.com).

  2. From the Admin console homepage, go to Dashboard.
  3. Scroll to Info cards at the bottom.

In the Summary card, you can view the overall progress of the data move at a domain-wide level and also by region. You can view the progress of data moves for individual services by region in the United States and Europe cards. For more details on move progress reporting, see View move progress.

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